Smart phone, a popular term is a simple “1 +1 =” formula, “Pocket PC + phone = smart phones.” Broadly speaking, the smart phone addition to the phone call functions, but also has the most PDA functions, in particular, personal information management, and wireless data communication based on the browser and email functions. Smart phones provide users with enough screen size and bandwidth, which is convenient to carry, but also for software and content service providers to run a big stage, a lot of value-added services can be started on this, such as: stocks, news, weather, traffic, commodities, application downloads, music and picture downloads and so on. Integration of 3C (Computer, Communication, Comsumer) smart phones will become a new direction for the future of mobile development. A smart phone by the necessary number of conditions: 1, with all the features of ordinary mobile phone capable of normal voice, text messaging and other mobile applications. 2, with the capacity of wireless access to the Internet, that need to support GSM, GPRS or CDMA network under the network under the CDMA 1X, wifi, or 3G network. 3, with PDA features, including PIM (personal information management), program notes, tasks, arrangements, multimedia applications, browse the Web. 4, with an open operating system, in this operating system platform, the application can install more programs, so that the functions of smart phone can be unlimited in Kuochong. OS ▼ Symbian OS: Because so popular fashion, the most widely supported further and further away. Symbian currently designed, stable, and there are many vendors support promising. Now it is very strong network applications. 9 keys very comfortable one-hand operation. Little disadvantage. Symbian’s like a combination of Windows and Linux, have a good interface with the kernel and interface separation, low hardware requirements to support the C + +, VB, and J2ME. Representative models: Nokia N95, Nokia E90, Nokia N96, etc.. ▼ WM: is Microsoft for Pocket PC and Smartphone software platforms. Windows Mobile will be familiar with the Windows desktop, extended to the personal device. Microsoft Windows Mobile handheld devices for the launch of the “mobile version of Windows”, use the Windows Mobile operating system devices are mainly mobile phones, PDA, portable music player. Windows Mobile operating system has four kinds, namely, Windows Mobile for PocketPC Edition, Windows Mobile for PocketPC Phone Edition, Windows Mobile for Smartphone Editon, Windows Mobile for Portable Media Centers. The latest version is Windows Mobile 6.5. 2010 Summer Pocket PC and Smartphone combines the two platforms windows phone 7 forthcoming. Advantages: 1, interface similar to desktop Windows, to facilitate people who are familiar with computer operation. 2, pre-installed software, rich built-in Office Word, Excel, Power Point, visit or even editing, built-in Internet Explorer, Media Player. 3, computer synchronization is very convenient, fully compatible with Outlook, Office Word, Excel and so on. 4, a powerful multimedia features, with third-party software can play virtually any popular format for audio and video files. 5, touch operation, can be comparable with the iPhone. 6, extremely rich third-party software, especially dictionaries, satellite navigation software can be run. Disadvantages: 1, of the people who are not familiar with computer operation more complicated. 2, on the hardware requirements higher. 3, slightly larger size, many operations require the use touch pen. ▼ Linux: give you a reason to love it, lack of security, performance is low. Linux is open source, software licensing fees low, application development, the advantages of rich human resources, to facilitate the development of personal and industrial applications. Started too late, there is no solid foundation. Representative models: Motorola A760, Samsung i519. ▼ Palm OS: please look at me, features a single user little. Palm, the hardware requirements of such systems is very low, so prices can be well controlled, very small power consumption. Distinguishing feature is much faster than other systems, operating comfort, stability, if not use bad words (not something familiar). However, relatively few in China to help it to write software for the Chinese people less. Web applications are poor. Representative models: Samsung SGH-i500Treo 600. ▼ Android: it is “Android” transliteration come, so that in China, “Andrews” is a direct representative of the Android mobile operating system. ▼ iOS4: iPhone OS 4 renamed iOS 4, the function of upgrade is mainly reflected in the following aspects: a revolutionary multi-tasking iOS can tell from the side songs, download, while online, send and receive messages. 2, iOS 4 Another important upgrade is to support the archive folder on the process management software, users can drag a few a custom folder name management. 3, iOS4 mail management when there is a unified inbox

Smart phone, a popular term is a simple “1 +1 =” formula, “Pocket PC + phone = smart phones.” Broadly speaking, the smart phone addition to the phone call functions, but also has the most PDA functions, in particular, personal information management, and wireless data communication based on the browser and email functions. Smart phones provide users with enough screen size and bandwidth, which is convenient to carry, but also for software and content service providers to run a big stage, a lot of value-added services can be started on this, such as: stocks, news, weather, traffic, commodities, application downloads, music and picture downloads and so on. Integration of 3C (Computer, Communication, Comsumer) smart phones will become a new direction for the future of mobile development. A smart phone by the necessary number of conditions: 1, with all the features of ordinary mobile phone capable of normal voice, text messaging and other mobile applications. 2, with the capacity of wireless access to the Internet, that need to support GSM, GPRS or CDMA network under the network under the CDMA 1X, wifi, or 3G network. 3, with PDA features, including PIM (personal information management), program notes, tasks, arrangements, multimedia applications, browse the Web. 4, with an open operating system, in this operating system platform, the application can install more programs, so that the functions of smart phone can be unlimited in Kuochong. OS ▼ Symbian OS: Because so popular fashion, the most widely supported further and further away. Symbian currently designed, stable, and there are many vendors support promising. Now it is very strong network applications. 9 keys very comfortable one-hand operation. Little disadvantage. Symbian’s like a combination of Windows and Linux, have a good interface with the kernel and interface separation, low hardware requirements to support the C + +, VB, and J2ME. Representative models: Nokia N95, Nokia E90, Nokia N96, etc.. ▼ WM: is Microsoft for Pocket PC and Smartphone software platforms. Windows Mobile will be familiar with the Windows desktop, extended to the personal device. Microsoft Windows Mobile handheld devices for the launch of the “mobile version of Windows”, use the Windows Mobile operating system devices are mainly mobile phones, PDA, portable music player. Windows Mobile operating system has four kinds, namely, Windows Mobile for PocketPC Edition, Windows Mobile for PocketPC Phone Edition, Windows Mobile for Smartphone Editon, Windows Mobile for Portable Media Centers. The latest version is Windows Mobile 6.5. 2010 Summer Pocket PC and Smartphone combines the two platforms windows phone 7 forthcoming. Advantages: 1, interface similar to desktop Windows, to facilitate people who are familiar with computer operation. 2, pre-installed software, rich built-in Office Word, Excel, Power Point, visit or even editing, built-in Internet Explorer, Media Player. 3, computer synchronization is very convenient, fully compatible with Outlook, Office Word, Excel and so on. 4, a powerful multimedia features, with third-party software can play virtually any popular format for audio and video files. 5, touch operation, can be comparable with the iPhone. 6, extremely rich third-party software, especially dictionaries, satellite navigation software can be run. Disadvantages: 1, of the people who are not familiar with computer operation more complicated. 2, on the hardware requirements higher. 3, slightly larger size, many operations require the use touch pen. ▼ Linux: give you a reason to love it, lack of security, performance is low. Linux is open source, software licensing fees low, application development, the advantages of rich human resources, to facilitate the development of personal and industrial applications. Started too late, there is no solid foundation. Representative models: Motorola A760, Samsung i519. ▼ Palm OS: please look at me, features a single user little. Palm, the hardware requirements of such systems is very low, so prices can be well controlled, very small power consumption. Distinguishing feature is much faster than other systems, operating comfort, stability, if not use bad words (not something familiar). However, relatively few in China to help it to write software for the Chinese people less. Web applications are poor. Representative models: Samsung SGH-i500Treo 600. ▼ Android: it is “Android” transliteration come, so that in China, “Andrews” is a direct representative of the Android mobile operating system. ▼ iOS4: iPhone OS 4 renamed iOS 4, the function of upgrade is mainly reflected in the following aspects: a revolutionary multi-tasking iOS can tell from the side songs, download, while online, send and receive messages. 2, iOS 4 Another important upgrade is to support the archive folder on the process management software, users can drag a few a custom folder name management. 3, iOS4 mail management when there is a unified inbox
Concept phones
Like the concept of mobile phones and concept cars, apparel or fashion is like the popular cell phone just informal, is more conceptual, such as mobile phone watch is the concept of the table cover on the phone, and cube mobile phone, mobile phone or pyramid , is the concept of the pyramid and the cube given to the phone, as well as projection SMS, etc. In fact, little practical function, but conceptualized it. Concept phone with concept cars, is a strong capital and advanced design concept of the company, in order to reflect the current strength of the company, and demonstrates the company on future market direction and specially designed products. Usually not intended to market and profit in the near future, but the main purpose is to attract consumer attention, shape the company’s strong technical strength and excellent image design capabilities.
[Edit this section] Related terms
Roam
Roaming is the mobile phone users a term commonly used. Refers to the cellular mobile phone users leave the region or country, still in other regions or countries continue to use their mobile phone handsets. Compatible only in network standard roaming and interconnection of national city occasionally has already signed a bilateral roaming agreements between regions or countries. To achieve roaming is technically very complex. First of all, to record the user’s location, the operating profit between the companies also have a way to settlement.
SIM card
Also known as SIM cards, is a digital mobile phone data card, which records the identity of the user identification and key, for GSM system identify the user’s identity and to encrypt the user voice information. SIM card effectively prevent the theft, and machines and voice information to be tapped. SIM cards are the size of card points, function exactly the same, applicable to different types of digital mobile phone on. Mobile phone SIM card only installed to use. SIM card can be inserted into any one kind of phone call charges automatically charged to the card user’s bill.
UIM card
UIM (User Identity Model) Subscriber Identity Module. Is used in a cdmaOne mobile smart card can be inserted into the corresponding 2G mobile phone to mobile phone service. UIM cards standardized by the 3GPP2 (Third Generation Partnership Project 2) is responsible for. Initiated by the China Unicom CDMA and international organizations (CDG) to support end-user identification of mobile communications and encryption technologies. It supports specific authentication and encryption technology OTA (Over The Air), the wireless air interface by way of the data on the card to update and management. UIM card functions like GSM (GSM) mobile phones using the SIM card, can be the user’s identity and communications encryption, you can store telephone numbers, text messages and other user personal information. UIM card is also a SIM card of a card at the convenience of usage, the user only has a matter of personal UIM card, insert any further UIM card interface with a mobile phone can be applied.
GPRS
GPRS is a “general packet radio service,” the English abbreviation, which is based on the existing GSM network overlay, a new network, it makes full use of existing mobile communication network equipment, increase in the number of GSM network equipment and hardware software upgrade, to form a new network logical entity. It to packet switching technology, data networks using IP protocol, so that the existing GSM network data services exceeded the maximum rate of 9.6kbit / s limit, the maximum data rate of up to 170kbit / s, such a high data rate, for Most mobile users, is already more than enough. GPRS users can be on the move using a variety of high-speed data services, including e-mail, Internet browsing and other IP services capabilities.
Dual SIM Dual Standby
Dual card dual standby is a mobile phone, you can also install the next two SIM cards, and these two cards are on standby. Market dual card dual standby, generally refers to a network standard with dual card dual standby, or GSM network dual sim dual standby, CDMA network dual card dual standby, PHS network dual card dual standby; dual card dual standby mainly referring to the first categories, namely, GSM dual card dual standby. Currently, the market standard CDMA and PHS dual card dual standby cell phone less, and even little.
USIM card
USIM card is the third generation mobile phone cards. Many people think that in the 3G era, most applications can only be achieved by a mobile phone, the card only limited resources to achieve certification function on it. Indeed, 3G applications are very complex, most of the applications are STK card can not be completed alone. USIM card, but not only do simple authentication, the fact that it is gradually moving business platform, as well as the final transition to multi-application platform, on mobile phones, e-purse card, electronic instruments and other applications are no longer difficult. This feature makes USIM card into a different cross-industry cooperation and mutual penetration of media business, such as banks can participate in the telecommunications business, and vice versa. In addition to support multiple applications in addition, USIM cards are still the algorithm in terms of security upgrades, and added the authentication on the network card, this mutual authentication to prevent hackers can attack the card. Meanwhile, USIM card, more powerful phone book up to 500 phone numbers stored, and for each call, the user can choose whether to input other information, such as email, aliases, and other numbers. Despite faltering, but 3G is coming to us step by step. The high cost of 3G licenses may be stagnant for many operators one of the reasons, more importantly, they support 3G applications to wait and see attitude. And the realization of USIM card based multi-application there are many issues to resolve, such as the relevant standard is not perfect, the lack of support for this multi-application mobile phone, more importantly, operators and related businesses or government agencies-ordination will increase great difficulty of this application. In any case, the third generation mobile communication card in this regard has already done the technique, I believe that USIM card based multi-application also will eventually be widely used in the 3G era.
[Edit this paragraph] Other information
Emergency Maintenance
Portable backup phone every day, while high usage rate, an early case of accident or functional degradation, etc., are relatively higher than any electrical appliances in your house higher. To cope with such as mobile phones do not Shenru water, leading to intermittent auto accidents fell off so often appears disease phones, send for maintenance is the best way of course, but if the phone has some basic first aid, before being sent for repair rescue, reduce losses, save a life mobile phones. Save water in the mobile phone to get wet, accidentally fell into the water was most common, so if you really unfortunate, please do not hesitate to immediately remove the battery to force power to avoid water droplet erosion board. Then sent to repair as soon as possible, is the response. Moreover, the water inside the cell phone hair dryer dryer (only use the heater), water erosion can also reduce the degree of board and also the contingency approach. If you cherish, still continue to use the battery was probably still normal operation, but at most half a month, you will be ignored by the board to save the point of corrosion. Seen prior to the normal operation, in fact, illusory. Use hair dryer drying your phone, remember to set the temperature to a minimum, such as excessive heat may cause deformation of body compound. Phone fell into the toilet, immediately to take it out and remove the battery, put a jar of dry rice and dry. Because rice has a good drying effect. Automatic shutdown of power sufficient to save the phone and in standby mode, but sudden auto-off machine’s condition had a lot of users experience, reasons may be several possibilities: 1. lithium over the role of the protection circuit is sensitive, so a large current to power 2. the battery is already aging 3. handset inadvertent water (part of the phone is not waterproof) 4. the battery contacts the metal bits are dirt, resulting in poor contact power supply 5. the interface between the battery and the phone bit easier to loose. If, after examination, found to be the first two issues, then we must repair to the repair shop. However, if the latter two, the problem only lies in the “metal battery” dirt caused by oxidation, as long as clean with a glue stick to the rubbed situation would be improved. In the battery and the phone pad of paper between the skin or film, you can also solve the battery loose, poor contact caused the problem. Mobile emphasis maintenance so-called “prevention is better than cure”, if the phone each time until the accident and then remedy, may have been too late! Here are five easy to use mobile phones a bad example, are often guilty of all the small problems, if you can do, you can make your phone safe. Avoid one: avoid touching the metal SIM card, destroy or damage any scratch will lead to SIM card can not be read. Ji 2: Avoid the phone outlet on the air-conditioned, because condensation of water vapor in the mobile phone will be invisible to corrosion board. Avoid 3: Charging time enough is enough, usually 8 hours has been sufficient, if the excess charge but will shorten battery life. Avoid 4: bear in mind that cell phone antennas, if not necessary, do not pull out at random or when the same toys to play with, to prevent the reception. Avoid 5: fear of wet cell phone accidents, wear a waterproof bag and waterproof capsule that can protect effect.
Routine maintenance
1, cell phone batteries do not wait until no electric charge. General idea is that we will have a cell phone battery power to recharge is done and all the better is basically true, because we have previously used mostly nickel-hydrogen rechargeable batteries (NiH) batteries, while the so-called nickel-metal hydride battery The memory effect is finished, if tightly, then re-charge will lead to rapid reduction of battery life. Therefore we will use the last drop of power began to charge. But now, mobile phone and IA products generally most of lithium (Li) batteries, and lithium batteries, then there is no memory effect problems. If you run out of power or to wait until then but will then charge the internal lithium battery makes the reaction of chemical substances can not reduce life expectancy. The best way is nothing to charge it at any time to maintain the best full lattice state, so that you can use the battery long long time Oh. This is the message received from the manufacturer that, and obtained through their own testing. 2, when the phone is charging, do not answer the phone! ! Because the phone is charging, the phone calls would be potentially dangerous. India has a 31-year-old office manager at the insurance company of young people, 10 days ago in cell phone charger and then also answer the phone when, after a few seconds a lot of current through the phone, this young man was dropped to the ground, When found, his family, fingers burn with a weak heartbeat and had lost consciousness. The emergency hospital, the doctor announced the death to the hospital. Mobile phone is the most commonly used all the modern inventions. However, we also have to be alert to the risk of death machines. 3.12593 phone number = trap you not to call a friend overseas telephone numbers with 17 951 phone numbers stored in the format of this years? Rather than individual call? Then charges will be from 0.39 (0.4) per minute into 1.3 (0.7) per per minute. I have the 1860 (10086) query over their interpretation is that if stored in the phone number of the years? system will not recognize. So they can not get tariff concessions to each keyboard directly by 12xxx. Shenzhouxing user so? M-Zone subscribers, GSM is the same. If you are a user of China Mobile, China Mobile, when you know you set the following trap, it will no longer be surprised why your telephone bill for as long as the fly away wings. With 12,593 telephone numbers can be offer, but if you advance, “12593 phone number” in the phone’s phone book, use the time out and then dial out of tune, when you use China Mobile does not recognize this preferential dial the 12593 way but in the way of direct dial billing. If you are roaming, billing can be a difference of 7, two times! When I learned that this billing, I really do not know how to express my anger, then hit 10 086 counseling, if not take the initiative to the rule of asking this question, the work number for the 6608 young lady told me it simply does not billing. 4, mobile phone charges parasites somehow useless messages set-up is strongly recommended that everyone look at the bills they have not in the most simple way to unsubscribe from the monthly fee of parasites to steal your phone! 3.15 China Mobile was forced to launch a new business, if you are Chinese mobile phone users, type the number “0000”, send text messages to 10086, an automated response within seconds, a message list, show how customized your phone What SMS, which SMS service provider what is clearly the dark with a monthly fee charged to your mobile phone; type the number “00 000 (0000)”, sending an SMS to 186 201 (10 086), you can unsubscribe from all SMS services. 5, Do not rush to Minato just one minute when we are often called just in time for 1:00 before the end of glad, but in fact not the case, according to a China Mobile’s staff said, in fact, you talk to 0:55 when the operator had a minute, so call time 0:55 ~ 1:00 is count your money in 2 minutes (depending on your cell phone billing accuracy). This knowledge is very important to convey to you, so you phone can be a little longer. Learning a school now! After the rainy day ah!
Mobile Applications
Mobile phone can buy electricity from the purchase of electricity systems in support of Beijing, people (universal or) to get rid of most of the time now to go to the banks line up to buy electricity from the many inconveniences, to easily use their phones to buy “power words”, the whole process only a few minutes, but stay at home to achieve a true “weather” the purchase of electricity. The whole process of purchasing electricity only users with the purchase of electricity function with SIM card platform through the purchase of electricity operators, platform operators and banks, power companies confirmed the transaction, writing cards to complete the purchase of electricity simple steps. After the user remove the SIM card from the phone into the special insert card sets to purchase electricity meter input to complete the whole process of purchasing electricity. The cost of purchasing electricity from the user’s bank account in the bundled payment. This process, users simply use the phone’s STK menus follow the prompts, and through text messages was related to the transactions and confirm the information, and using other mobile services is no different, very easy. mrp download base – the most practical application of mrp mobile games and software download sites. was founded in 2009. Website purpose: to facilitate users to quickly find their own games and software needs of MRP, MRP site to collect all the games and software, but not spent remember too many complex site; major MRP also provides links to related websites, users can easily find all relevant information on MRP. So far, mrp base for users to download the utility provide a comprehensive MRP games and software downloads. In this, thank you love and support site has been online friends. mrp base committed to building green and safe download sites, web cleaner, more healthy content, definitely not a pop-up, floating ads, nor a virus, malicious code, impede the user experience of the ad. 我们 the beginning that the majority of users to work together with only to download the base mrp more practical, more convenient, will allow the Internet to maintain a blue sky!
Mobile Phone Battery
A mobile phone battery mobile phone battery, there can be re-activated memory phenomenon. The key here is how to discharge. First of all, must not covet save trouble using wire short the two poles of the battery, this will cause damage to the battery! Some chargers have a discharge function, but this method also has drawbacks. Discharge current than its operating current big cell phone, which also have damage the battery. Besides can not determine whether the call had finished. The best way is to use mobile phone natural discharge, which of course take time. Pumping a weekend cell phone at home when not in use, turn to the phone is in standby mode, and so on and then turn off its own discharge. Usually repeated several times immediately after the turn on they can not, and this time do not think I have discharge is completed, should be placed on a period of time the phone boot. This discharge until the phone is placed repeatedly over an hour, not longer boot, even if the basic end of discharge. Charging new phone activation method and purchased the same way when first charged more than ten hours, and then add charge two to three hours. If you have plenty of time to supplement the charge can be repeated two or three times to do. Second, do not wait until the phone using a very short time to do reduce activation, as would be caused because of lack of time does not fully discharge the battery of memory still left. The use of time after activation will be short. Best use of time when it was shortened to take active measures. Such as the use of new mobile phone time is seven days, when you use the time down to about four days to do on activated. This weekend you can easily finish the activation. Third, sometimes buy a new or re-activate the phone not long after the apparent decline in use of time, then not necessarily memory effect, which may be caused by poor contact. Best to re-activate the phone before the battery and the contacts to do a make clean paint swab: a small cotton swab or toothpick wrapped with paper towel dipped a little paint on alcohol swab on it. Do not go scraping with a hard object, as will add to poor contact. No alcohol can be an alternative high spirits. After use wipe paint on paint on dry paper towel immediately to avoid excess alcohol, open short circuit between the battery poles. Fourth, sometimes the identity of the battery there is no electricity or space is not necessarily a memory effect occurs, it may be the identity function mobile phone battery problems. This usually appears in mobile phone use for some time, determine the solution is simple: When the space charge when not immediately, wait and see whether the phone automatically shuts down very quickly. Of course, no need to check each time, over a period of time to pay attention to what is necessary. Otherwise, the battery will speed up the memory effect. Course, not all mobile phones will appear this situation. 5, mobile phone battery is a weakness, it is the mobile phone in all parts of the shortest life expectancy. Unfortunately, it is difficult to get the battery to replace the original.
Charging Tips
If users want to prolong the battery’s effective use of time, in addition to the quality of the charger should be guaranteed, the right skills is also essential to the charge, because the poor quality of the charger or charging the wrong methods are will affect battery life and cycle life The following is the author sorted out the charging tips: 1. Battery factory, manufacturers have carried out active treatment, and conducted pre-charged batteries have more than electricity, a friend of mine said that in accordance with the adjustment time for charging the battery, the standby is still a serious shortage of batteries assumption indeed genuine battery, then this case adjustment should be extended further 3 to 5 times fully charge and discharge. 2. If you buy a new cell phone battery is a lithium-ion, then 3 to 5 times before the charge commonly known as the adjustment period, more than 14 hours should be sufficient to ensure full activation of lithium-ion activity. Lithium ion batteries have no memory effect, but has a strong inert, should be fully activated in order to ensure the future use to achieve the best performance. 3. Some automated intelligent rapid charger when the lights change direction, said only 90% full. Changing the charger will automatically charge the battery with a slow full. Is best used after the battery is full, otherwise it will reduce the use of time. 4. Before charging, lithium batteries do not need special discharge, discharge improper battery will be damaged. Slow rechargeyour batteries charging as much as possible to reduce the fast charge mode; time should not exceed 24 hours. After three to five times the battery fully charge and discharge cycles of its internal chemicals will be all the “activation” to achieve the best results. 5. Please use the original or the reputation of a good brand of chargers, lithium batteries use lithium battery charger, and follow the instructions will damage the battery or even dangerous. 6. Many users often charged when the phone open, in fact it will hurt the mobile phone life very easily, because in the charging process, the cell phone circuit boards will be fever, at this time if there are external phone, you may create an instant return current, on the phone’s internal parts damage. 7. Battery life depends on the number of repeated charge and discharge, more than it should be avoided when the power is charging the battery, this will shorten battery life. Phone off for more than 7 days, the first cell phone battery is fully discharged, adequate electricity and then use. 8. Mobile phone battery self-discharge exist, not when Ni-MH battery remaining capacity every day by about 1% of discharge, lithium batteries a day by 0.2% to 0.3% discharge. In charging the battery, try to use a dedicated outlet, do not share the charger socket and television sets, home appliances. 9. Although the mobile phone within the network coverage area, but the phone off charge, the phone is not acceptable and make calls. At this point, you can use the phone did not pass transfer function, will be transferred to the side of the fixed-mobile phone to prevent calls lost, this method is not for the cell phone network coverage area or a weak signal is temporarily unable to connect when applicable. Phone 10. Do not expose the battery to heat or cold, like a dog day weather, should not the phone in the car, stood in the scorching sun exposure; or get air-conditioned room, on the air conditioner blowing directly place. When charging, the battery a little heat is normal, but not Jinshou high temperature “suffering.” To avoid this from happening, it is best at room temperature for charging, and do not cover anything on the phone. 11. Nickel-cadmium (N iCd) must ensure that the battery before charging the battery completely discharged, recharge the battery fully charged and must guarantee. 12. If the phone battery to place too long without use, the best maintenance department to apply to cell phones to make a living dealing with, you can own with a direct current constant voltage device, adjust the voltage of 5 ~ 6V, current 500 ~ 600mA reverse battery connection . Note that the liberalization of touch, most can be repeated three times, after such treatment, re-use original charger “adjustment” charge. 13. Charging is not longer, and the absence of protection circuit should be stopped after the battery is fully charged, otherwise the battery overheating due to heat or impact performance. 14. Lithium-ion battery charger must be selected, otherwise it will not reach saturation, affect the performance of play. After charging, should be avoided in the charger more than 12 hours or more, do not be long-term separation of the battery and cell phone to buy mobile phones must come to see.
False failure
There are many primary users, because of the phone features or some settings are not familiar with, 经常 meet all kinds of Gu Zhang, Qishizhexie fault Zhong phone is not really many faults, but the phone Shi Yongzhe or misuse by Cuowurenshi result. Here I will organize a number of false failures are common for the majority of mobile phone users for reference. 1, mobile phone keypad failure. When you hold the phone button on the fingers of a key position, if the corresponding key position on the numbers or symbols on the screen does not appear in the phone, your first reaction may be the phone keypad malfunctioned. It really is the phone’s key bit worse? Before you answer this question, the best should first check your phone settings, whether to start a cell phone keypad lock function. 2, can not activate the phone. If you press the phone power switch, the phone can not start, please check the phone SIM card installed correctly. 3, garbled phone warnings or continuously. WAP mobile phones in use in the process, if you encounter some non-normal conditions, will give some garbled and warning information, if we do not know the origin of these garbled and alert, certainly will see the cell phone problem. An ability to connect to the Internet interconnection WAP mobile phones, downloading ring tones or visit the web resources, mobile phone and computer may be infected with the same mobile phone virus. Once the cell phone infected with the virus, these viruses will be in the phone screen garbled characters, or continue to issue various warnings prompt information, and sometimes automatically activated telephone recording, and recording four transmission, the virus will automatically making a call, delete contents of the file on the phone, and create a huge amount of telephone bills. The above a variety of illegal operations, who just use the phone’s user would certainly think that cell phones have an internal fault. In fact, the failure is due to mobile phone by viruses, you only need a wireless web of mobile phone anti-virus or by phone IC access port or infrared port for virus transmission, we can solve the problem. 4, some features can not be used. The new phone is now emerging, a new phone every hardware or software systems have been changed, if the user did not understand, may be that the phone broke down. For example, now have a new phone with a cell phone screen saver function, this function does not use the phone for the time being, there will be a variety of screen saver images, then if you click a button on any phone, mobile phones will be back to normal. If the user does not know the characteristics of the primary, it appeared that the cell phone display problem too! Also, different mobile phones, has the same function buttons on the location of the phone keys are different, if you are in a location on a mobile phone found at the function, while in another the same position of a mobile phone, did not find the corresponding features to Do not say, “how even this phone features are not ah!” 5, mobile phone can not find the network. At present, most mobile phone users, not into the Unicom network is mobile communications network. Use the results from the practice point of view, the development of mobile communication networks spend more time, more mature and all aspects of technology, the network system stability is also strong, while the China Unicom network only just started, communication technology and equipment is not perfect , and mature, the relative stability of the network is to be narrowly missed. Once the phone to search for less than the corresponding network, the phone will not work, the phenomenon is demonstrated by the external phone connected to a break, often need to repeat to play two or three times; or repeated phone can not get through, neither busy tone, nor shutdown. 6, mobile phones can not call can not be connected. Phone is an electronic device, it will be issued during working electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic waves to pass through this information, once the information in the transmission process, encounter other electromagnetic interference, can not answer the phone can not dial the phone Beginners If you do not know the reason, they would easily mistaken for mobile phones broken. In this case, we should try to keep away from those with strong electromagnetic wave emission source of local, Ling Wai generate electromagnetic interference may be due to the reflection caused by high-rise buildings, so if we encounter the sound off when the phone there should be as far from high-rise buildings. 7, can not send text messages. The use of mobile phones to send short messages, generally what parameters need to be set in advance, otherwise not allowed to send cell phone text messages. Own settings, you can enter information to set the phone interface, the short message service center number is set to +8613800 *** 500 *** on behalf of one mobile telephone area code where the latter three figures, if three of the local telephone area code is , then we top code the user should be removed “0” and fill in the code behind the “0”, for example, I assume that is where the 021 area code, then the region where the author information service center number is +86 XXXXXXXXX, enter the service number after , click OK after the settings can be successful. 8, cell phone signal suddenly disappeared. If the call process, suddenly went into a remote corner of the building or a tightness in strong, or cell phone batteries run out or the cell phone battery and cell phone contact with loose boards, and it is very possible cell phone signal suddenly disappearing phenomenon. 9, cell phones can not be charged. As the charging voltage instability, or the battery into the charger when the position error, or the result of poor contact, etc. can not be properly charged cell phone batteries, mobile phone batteries on the thought that the quality of their own.
Cottage phone
-Name phone jokingly. Is not its technology, products entirely by hand and save documents assembled a small factory making workshop class mobile phone. Its shape is usually associated with some well-known and popular product line is very similar brand and no brand more formal, and even some banner Sunyericcsun, NOKIR, SAMSING this edge ball brand. The mobile phone is often called the cottage, cottage. China Mobile first started cottage marked CECT brand-name mobile phones, actually only fraudulent use of CECT brand or pay some cash to get the right to use CECT. Subsequent emergence of a variety of brands. Work in different ways, no branding, body or back of the common front big BLUETOOTH, TOUCHSCREEN, MP4 and so forth. What dare to print the box, in addition to their real site. In recent years, active in all major TV shopping had never heard of mobile phone brands mostly cottage, a big moneymaker for the TV shopping. The phone features an extremely rich and extremely low prices, great new look, the quality is extremely unreliable. In any case, “cottage mobile phone” can always beat the wisdom of our most frustrating piece of nerve, but also a lack of innovation for some national brands shame. Over the years, the cottage phone number appeared among unmatched in the world of technological innovation, the appearance of innovation, process innovation, a lot of strange technology and design are combined together, these combinations may sometimes be infringing, and had achieved the wide variety of functions. Now, the cottage has become a non-mainstream mobile phone culture, wolves, innovation, the spirit to meet the market’s cottage phones affect more and more people. With the liberalization of national regulators, many cottage manufacturers have “repented”, launched its own brand. Cottage phone now entered a new phase, begun to enter the field of smart phones, but use less cpu, memory less, but the price is quite cheap.
Indicate the memory card folder
My Music music player photos transmission Bluetooth Camera Audio recording Received path MyNes simulation game cathyebk electronic bookstores uumap electronic map Mobilephone calls attribution Video format animation player games stored Mythroad mrp

Australia’s top ten wine producing Barossa Valley, South Australia Barossa Valley, South Australia Barossa Valley produce salad sub (Shiraz) is known, she is the birthplace of Australia’s famous wine. Adelaide in South Australia’s capital city about an hour’s drive northeast of the valley has a mountain range, the fertile soil, combined with the Mediterranean climate, to produce a full wine and fine white wine, honey varieties including race Rong (Semillon) and Chardonnay (Chardonnay). Barossa Valley, a farmer originally from Germany Luthern established in 1830, now has more than 50 vineyards in the stores and shops (Celler Door), including small family businesses and national companies. Clare Valley Clare Valley, Clare Valley, South Australia, is considered one of the most unique. She “Australia Riesling (Riesling) of the Homeland” is known, mainly because of long-term continuously produce high quality Clare Valley wine has won many international loyal consumers. Clare Valley Riesling is not only known, she also makes Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz wine grapes in the valley because of different locations, soil and altitude differences, produced very different taste and style. Clare Valley wine region in 1840 were the United Kingdom, Ireland, and the Poles established, they come here to start planting a vine. Today, visitors who come here to enjoy the most popular Visa lotus valley then many of the town. Coonawarra Coonawarra Coonawarra grapes hidden in the main area is the precious treasure of the limestone layer of terrain and rich red earth under it. These two combined to produce a Cabernet Sauvignon is the grape growing areas of all the world envy. By the Scot John Riddoch established a century ago, Coonawarra wines with strong fruit but classic and won a lot of reputation. Most mature Coonawarra Cabernet Sauvignon wines have almost ten years. But this is not the only well-known varieties of the region. Other varieties of Shiraz, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and so were a lot of awards. Heathcote 希恩科特希 Enke Te to produce elegant and complex wine is a Shiraz grape fast-growing area. In Victoria’s Xienkete cold produced by the camel mountain climate, the grape growth period from October to March, particularly cold, so the production of grapes also particularly good. Xienkete Cabernet Sauvignon is also another flavor. In addition, the Italian varieties Sangiovese (Sangiovese) and Libiot slave (Nebbiolo) has also been ported to the sub-regional, and sub-regional awareness raising. Fragrant white wine thunder commander (Riesling), Weiliaoer (Viognier) and Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio), show a strong and elegant, fruity style of the area. Hunter Valley Hunter Valley Hunter Valley is Australia’s oldest wine region, very early in the Hunter Valley wine industry has been the prosperity and development, now en route from Sydney to the Hunter Valley has more than 80 vineyards and the outlet stores (Celler Door). Shiraz, Vuitenet (Verdelho), Chardonnay, but not the same as other areas like the Hunter Valley and the race honey Rong (Semillon) close. Mclaren Vale McLaren Valley, Australia Barossa Valley and McLaren Valley every year to fight for “the best Shiraz in Australia,” the honor and expand competition. McLaren Valley, south of Adelaide, was surrounded by a large number of grassland and orchards. Her fertile soil and water from the local St. Vincent valleys can produce full of flavor and strong taste of red wine and white wine but balanced. Although this area 20 years ago on the brewing industry in the grape or obscure, but it now has more than 50 vineyards and the outlet stores (Celler Door). McLaren Valley’s leading red grape varieties are Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot dry take Sri Lanka and white grape varieties Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Riesling Rong race honey. Margaret River Margaree River in the past decade, the Margaree River unknowingly become a well-known producer of premium wines. Although all the classic varieties of local wine, Margaree River is committed to the development of a winemaker or the local characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon. Local beautiful coastal scenery and delicious food-induced tourism, and its unique Shiraz produced and Vuitenet (Verdelho) is complementary, a wonderful pair. Mudgee Mudgee is located in New South Wales Blue Mountains deep, Marge is the history of the Australian wine industry to another glorious. 60s in the 19th century, German immigrants began commercial planting, but the modern wine brewing began in the 20th century or 70’s. Many countries, the company has set up shop to provide a broad range of fine wines. Taste strongly of flavor of Cabernet Sauvignon has a complex flavor, and storage of long-lasting, has been the representative of this region. The Chardonnay is the most popular in the Marche region and is highly recognized by white wine. Tasmania Tasmania compared to other regions of Australia, the grapes planted Tasmania’s relatively short history. Some areas in the 19th century began planting grapes, but the tower island until the 20th century until 70 years from the Pipers Brook began planting grapes. Tower Island is famous for its spectacular scenery, now has more than 60 vineyards, most of which are only a few hectares of small-scale plantations. Tower Island, a cold maritime climate makes it taste the wine produced first-rate, and with excellent natural acidity. Its special varieties including Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) gas liquor and wine, Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio), Cabernet Sauvignon and Folang (Cabernet Franc) mixture of wine. Yarra Valley Yarra Valley Yarra Valley is Victoria’s oldest wine producing area, and she regarded as the world’s best wine production of cold weather one of the regions. Her specialty is black like and Chardonnay. But her unique fine Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon are also favored by the Sommelier. Yarra Valley Chardonnay is the most widely planted white grape variety, the style of many different – from the complex taste of oak style to the elegant restrained style of Chardonnay in the wine has always been to follow traditional brewing process. Planted in the Yarra Valley, the other white grape varieties including Sauvignon Blanc, and she always will Samuel Rong, espresso Charles Man Na Gew urztraminer and MA Shan (Marsanne) mixed wine. Distribution of an Australian wine, Australian wine distribution in the whole of Australia is divided into seven states, namely, the Northern Territory, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and Tasmania (province). Australia’s northern latitude low, is the tropical rain forest, inland desert and wilderness, weather hot and dry, not suitable for the growth of grapes, so wine regions mainly in the Southeast, including Victoria (Victoria), New South Wales (New South Wales), South Australia (South Australia) and Tasmania (Tasmania). Also in Western Australia also has a small vineyard. The reason why Australian wine has such a reputation because of its unique quality of land and many world-class winemaker outstanding quality, plus the world’s most stringent management and production processes, and Australian special simple, simple, non simple and honest, not as the money for the sole purpose of, and to credit and happy life as the first pursuit of the environment, brewed out of inexpensive high-quality world-class wine. These are also including China, many wine experts and industry consistent with the authority of the common person strong views, and they also believe that the same level and with the price of Australian wine, some other origin than the same grade and with the price of wine much higher quality, this fact would tasting each and every person is a common view. That is why we want a strong reason to promote Australian wine. In recent years, Australian wine for its good quality and reasonable prices all over the world by many consumers. Australian wine is divided into four major producing areas, namely South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria (including Tasiniya Island), Western Australia. The yield ratio were 8:4:2:1. Each of the four major wine producing areas, characteristics, quality and are rated as the world level. South Australia with a unique environment that will become Australia’s most important wine region. Most of the vineyards concentrated in the south valley, and the Adelaide River in the vicinity. South, there Kunawalei, Budweiser, Barossa Valley and other well-known producing areas, and Cray. New South Wales is Australia’s oldest grape growing, many famous wineries are gathered here. Divided into three production areas: Hunter Valley to Semillon (Semillon) and strong snow Warsaw (Shirze) red wine famous worldwide, also, to Warsaw and snow mixed brew Sauvignon red wine with high alcohol content, taste vigorous full Perhaps the most unique. Mexico-based features simple and bright. Rui Furui New South Wales it is the largest producing areas, mainly the daily production of cheap table wine. Victoria has a variety of types of wine, some to increase alcohol sweet wine known in the Northeast in addition to wine, but also produce color depth, high alcohol, heavy snow taste Warsaw (Shirze) and Sauvignon (Sauvignon) Red wine. Located in Perth Western Australia to (Perth) to the north of the Swan Valley’s most prestigious, the main producer of white Burgundy (White Burgundy) white wine. More moderate climate of the South Perth City is Western Australia’s most promising growing areas. Producing a result of the southernmost continental climate, so Riesling (Rhein Riesling) has a unique aroma and acidity. Second, understanding of Australian wine Australian wine be a representative of New World wines, basically, to recognize that Australian wine is better than old world wines, as we have already introduced from France and Italy simpler in every aspect. Take the wine label is the most obvious sights four points will be able to guess a pretty close without the need to want to see the old world wine labels, as so many of the producing areas to remember and name. 1. Breed: Standard on all New World wine, the most critical part is the variety of Australian wine is also the same. Australian wine in accordance with the law to label if the grapes, then this bottle of wine in the need for 85% of the species by the fermentation, and if the wine inside is not a mixture of varieties to 85% each, then we should mark out of all the major grape varieties, while those in the front than the standard variety of content and in the back. For example: Penfolds “Bin 389” Cabernet Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz is the use of two grape varieties, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz higher than the proportion. Now grape varieties grown in Australia is mainly popular international grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Grenache, Mouvedre, Chardonnay, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat. It is worth mentioning that Shiraz is the Australian wine has won an international reputation, noting that Australian wines, many people think of my mind the first word is Shiraz. Some small wineries are growing and the brewing of some unusual grape varieties, such as: Verdelho, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne, these small species of Australian wine, wine-rich style and taste. 2. Manufacturers are about 9,000 wineries in Australia, according to their position and they have different quality and style, such as one written specifically for low-end market, specifically taste, producing the so-called supermarket wine, such as: Lindemans, they produce stable quality, low price The low-grade wine. Some of the wine market for mid-range, such as: Rosemont, they produce relatively high quality but reasonable wine prices. In addition there are some for high-end markets, such as: Penfolds, Henschke, Sheng Chang has a very high quality and international reputation of the wine, but its price is also very expensive, when these Takaoka wineries will not only produce a superior products, and is a kind of superior products (flagship wine) to maintain its international reputation, while following the development of a series of mid-range wines have captured the market. There are some very small winery, they only produce a high quality wine, and very low yield, which only produce Cult Wine wineries are: Three River, Duck Muck so. Currently, Australian wine has very good potential, but the main problem is: There are many winery vineyard is planted in the past 10 years, still relatively young. And many wineries are using large machines, is the production of superior products with a hand or a few, so most wines in the international arena only in the mid-range and high-grade level, do this, if so many products and many French wineries have long history of winery than in some traditional and cultural shortcomings. 3. Origin, Australia’s wine producing similar provisions and the United States, only provides geographical origin of wine, Er, unlike the old world countries do, for the origin of Deming Hao ** 制度, many of the provisions. Australia’s wine regions are similar to the U.S. AVA system, producing geographical indications, in to label the wine regions (these production areas that must be provided for geographic growing areas of Australia), then fermented this wine grapes have 85% from the producing areas. These growing areas are divided into different levels of geographical indications: one super-region: South West Australia (Southwest Australia) including Duoliliya, New South Wales, Tasmania, in addition to the southern part of South Australia and Queensland. That is the name, including most of the wine regions, it is often seen labeled wine names. The second level of the state: a New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania. Here is a large district, regional and sub-regions. Many grape varieties and different growing areas to link producing areas in Australia, some varieties of some species are more prestigious than others. Cabernet Sauvignon Hunter Valley in New South Wales and South Australia’s Coonawarra has a higher quality, while in the hot Barossa Valley Shiraz reflects the characteristics typical of Australia, and relatively cold and some of the Yarra Valley is ideal for growing Riesling and Pinot Noir, West O region renowned for Chardonnay. 4. Year of relatively stable climate conditions and the new world of wine vintages way to make a final consideration, if we can find a quality reliable manufacturers and their favorite grape varieties and producing areas, in different years do not give you too much disappointed. Not the year is not important, but it is the last issue to be considered. Third, Australia’s four major wine regions in recent years, Australian wine for its good quality and reasonable price by the number of consumers around the world love. Australian wine is divided into four major producing areas, namely South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria (including Tasiniya Island), Western Australia. The yield ratio were 8:4:2:1. Each of the four major wine producing areas, characteristics, quality and are rated as the world level. South Australia with a unique environment that will become Australia’s most important wine region. Most of the vineyards concentrated in the south valley, and the Adelaide River in the vicinity. South, there Kunawalei, Budweiser, Barossa Valley and other well-known producing areas, and Cray. New South Wales is Australia’s oldest grape growing, many famous wineries are gathered here. Divided into three production areas: Hunter Valley to Semillon (Semillon) and strong snow Warsaw (Shirze) red wine famous worldwide, also, to Warsaw and snow mixed brew Sauvignon red wine with high alcohol content, taste vigorous full Perhaps the most unique. Mexico-based features simple and bright. Rui Furui New South Wales it is the largest producing areas, mainly the daily production of cheap table wine. Victoria has many types of wine, some to increase alcohol sweet wine known in the Northeast in addition to wine, but also produce color depth, high alcohol, heavy snow taste Warsaw (Shirze) and Sauvignon (Sauvignon) red wine . Located in Perth Western Australia to (Perth) to the north of the Swan Valley’s most prestigious, the main producer of white Burgundy (White Burgundy) white wine. More moderate climate of the South Perth City is Western Australia’s most promising growing areas. Producing a result of the southernmost continental climate, so Riesling (Rhein Riesling) has a unique aroma and acidity. [1] Australia, Australian wine wine wine wine labels marked 1. Winery, trademarks (Winery / Trade Mark) 2. Year (Vintage) Year means “grape harvest” of the year, there is no mandatory labeling regulations. But to identify the year, at least 85% of the grapes are harvested with the grapes that year. 3. Wine article series (The Range) 4. Grape varieties (Grape Varieties) regulations do not restrict the Australian wine varieties available, there is no mandatory labeling grapes. But to label requirements must be followed: (1) labeled a single grape variety. At least 85% of the grapes is the grape variety used. (2) If the blend, up to 5 varieties marked, labeled species to the overall 95% more than a single species at least 5%. (3) or up to mark three varieties, the total to more than 85% of the labeled species, one species at least 20%. Example A 90% of Cabernet and 5% Merlot compliance rules (1) and (2), you can choose label Cabernet or Cabernet Merlot Jieke. Example B 70% of Shiraz, 16% of Cabernet and Merlot 14% compliance with rules (2), can be labeled Shiraz Cabernet Merlot. Example C 60% of Cabernet and Merlot 25% compliance with rules (3), can be labeled Cabernet Merlot. 5. Viticultural areas (Geographical Indication) with grape-producing areas, there is no mandatory labeling regulations, but also do not have the seat for the winery. However, if the blend to be labeled an option to mark provinces / regions (State / Zones), such as South Australia / Limestone Coast, producing areas (regions) such as the Coonawarra, Vice-producing areas (Sub-regions). (1) marking a single viticultural areas. At least 85% of the grapes is used in the grape producing areas. (2) If the blend, up to mark three viticultural areas, producing more than the overall mark of 95%, of which at least 5% single-producing areas. For example, 75% Clare 15% Barossa 5% McLaren Vale, you can mark South Australia, South Eastern Australia or Clare Barossa McLaren Vale. 6. Capacity (Volume) Australian legislation on mandatory labeling bottles positive, the font height of at least 3.3mm. 7. Producing countries (Country of Origin) mandatory labeling regulations in Australia Produce of Australia or Australian Wine. In addition, Australia has a mandatory labeling regulations: alcohol (Alcohol Content) Standard Drinks <1standard drink = 10 g of alcohol) is calculated as = capacity of the alcohol concentration X 0.789 X allergen statement (Allergens Declaration) a. Preservative (220) sulfur dioxide (sulphur dioxide ) more than 10mg/kg. b. clarify the media (fining agent), such as protein, milk, fish glue. c. Non-grape production of tannins, such as chestnuts, nuts.

Australia’s top ten wine producing Barossa Valley, South Australia Barossa Valley, South Australia Barossa Valley produce salad sub (Shiraz) is known, she is the birthplace of Australia’s famous wine. Adelaide in South Australia’s capital city about an hour’s drive northeast of the valley has a mountain range, the fertile soil, combined with the Mediterranean climate, to produce a full wine and fine white wine, honey varieties including race Rong (Semillon) and Chardonnay (Chardonnay). Barossa Valley, a farmer originally from Germany Luthern established in 1830, now has more than 50 vineyards in the stores and shops (Celler Door), including small family businesses and national companies. Clare Valley Clare Valley, Clare Valley, South Australia, is considered one of the most unique. She “Australia Riesling (Riesling) of the Homeland” is known, mainly because of long-term continuously produce high quality Clare Valley wine has won many international loyal consumers. Clare Valley Riesling is not only known, she also makes Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz wine grapes in the valley because of different locations, soil and altitude differences, produced very different taste and style. Clare Valley wine region in 1840 were the United Kingdom, Ireland, and the Poles established, they come here to start planting a vine. Today, visitors who come here to enjoy the most popular Visa lotus valley then many of the town. Coonawarra Coonawarra Coonawarra grapes hidden in the main area is the precious treasure of the limestone layer of terrain and rich red earth under it. These two combined to produce a Cabernet Sauvignon is the grape growing areas of all the world envy. By the Scot John Riddoch established a century ago, Coonawarra wines with strong fruit but classic and won a lot of reputation. Most mature Coonawarra Cabernet Sauvignon wines have almost ten years. But this is not the only well-known varieties of the region. Other varieties of Shiraz, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and so were a lot of awards. Heathcote 希恩科特希 Enke Te to produce elegant and complex wine is a Shiraz grape fast-growing area. In Victoria’s Xienkete cold produced by the camel mountain climate, the grape growth period from October to March, particularly cold, so the production of grapes also particularly good. Xienkete Cabernet Sauvignon is also another flavor. In addition, the Italian varieties Sangiovese (Sangiovese) and Libiot slave (Nebbiolo) has also been ported to the sub-regional, and sub-regional awareness raising. Fragrant white wine thunder commander (Riesling), Weiliaoer (Viognier) and Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio), show a strong and elegant, fruity style of the area. Hunter Valley Hunter Valley Hunter Valley is Australia’s oldest wine region, very early in the Hunter Valley wine industry has been the prosperity and development, now en route from Sydney to the Hunter Valley has more than 80 vineyards and the outlet stores (Celler Door). Shiraz, Vuitenet (Verdelho), Chardonnay, but not the same as other areas like the Hunter Valley and the race honey Rong (Semillon) close. Mclaren Vale McLaren Valley, Australia Barossa Valley and McLaren Valley every year to fight for “the best Shiraz in Australia,” the honor and expand competition. McLaren Valley, south of Adelaide, was surrounded by a large number of grassland and orchards. Her fertile soil and water from the local St. Vincent valleys can produce full of flavor and strong taste of red wine and white wine but balanced. Although this area 20 years ago on the brewing industry in the grape or obscure, but it now has more than 50 vineyards and the outlet stores (Celler Door). McLaren Valley’s leading red grape varieties are Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot dry take Sri Lanka and white grape varieties Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Riesling Rong race honey. Margaret River Margaree River in the past decade, the Margaree River unknowingly become a well-known producer of premium wines. Although all the classic varieties of local wine, Margaree River is committed to the development of a winemaker or the local characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon. Local beautiful coastal scenery and delicious food-induced tourism, and its unique Shiraz produced and Vuitenet (Verdelho) is complementary, a wonderful pair. Mudgee Mudgee is located in New South Wales Blue Mountains deep, Marge is the history of the Australian wine industry to another glorious. 60s in the 19th century, German immigrants began commercial planting, but the modern wine brewing began in the 20th century or 70’s. Many countries, the company has set up shop to provide a broad range of fine wines. Taste strongly of flavor of Cabernet Sauvignon has a complex flavor, and storage of long-lasting, has been the representative of this region. The Chardonnay is the most popular in the Marche region and is highly recognized by white wine. Tasmania Tasmania compared to other regions of Australia, the grapes planted Tasmania’s relatively short history. Some areas in the 19th century began planting grapes, but the tower island until the 20th century until 70 years from the Pipers Brook began planting grapes. Tower Island is famous for its spectacular scenery, now has more than 60 vineyards, most of which are only a few hectares of small-scale plantations. Tower Island, a cold maritime climate makes it taste the wine produced first-rate, and with excellent natural acidity. Its special varieties including Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) gas liquor and wine, Chardonnay, Riesling, Pinot Gris (Pinot Grigio), Cabernet Sauvignon and Folang (Cabernet Franc) mixture of wine. Yarra Valley Yarra Valley Yarra Valley is Victoria’s oldest wine producing area, and she regarded as the world’s best wine production of cold weather one of the regions. Her specialty is black like and Chardonnay. But her unique fine Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon are also favored by the Sommelier. Yarra Valley Chardonnay is the most widely planted white grape variety, the style of many different – from the complex taste of oak style to the elegant restrained style of Chardonnay in the wine has always been to follow traditional brewing process. Planted in the Yarra Valley, the other white grape varieties including Sauvignon Blanc, and she always will Samuel Rong, espresso Charles Man Na Gew urztraminer and MA Shan (Marsanne) mixed wine. Distribution of an Australian wine, Australian wine distribution in the whole of Australia is divided into seven states, namely, the Northern Territory, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and Tasmania (province). Australia’s northern latitude low, is the tropical rain forest, inland desert and wilderness, weather hot and dry, not suitable for the growth of grapes, so wine regions mainly in the Southeast, including Victoria (Victoria), New South Wales (New South Wales), South Australia (South Australia) and Tasmania (Tasmania). Also in Western Australia also has a small vineyard. The reason why Australian wine has such a reputation because of its unique quality of land and many world-class winemaker outstanding quality, plus the world’s most stringent management and production processes, and Australian special simple, simple, non simple and honest, not as the money for the sole purpose of, and to credit and happy life as the first pursuit of the environment, brewed out of inexpensive high-quality world-class wine. These are also including China, many wine experts and industry consistent with the authority of the common person strong views, and they also believe that the same level and with the price of Australian wine, some other origin than the same grade and with the price of wine much higher quality, this fact would tasting each and every person is a common view. That is why we want a strong reason to promote Australian wine. In recent years, Australian wine for its good quality and reasonable prices all over the world by many consumers. Australian wine is divided into four major producing areas, namely South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria (including Tasiniya Island), Western Australia. The yield ratio were 8:4:2:1. Each of the four major wine producing areas, characteristics, quality and are rated as the world level. South Australia with a unique environment that will become Australia’s most important wine region. Most of the vineyards concentrated in the south valley, and the Adelaide River in the vicinity. South, there Kunawalei, Budweiser, Barossa Valley and other well-known producing areas, and Cray. New South Wales is Australia’s oldest grape growing, many famous wineries are gathered here. Divided into three production areas: Hunter Valley to Semillon (Semillon) and strong snow Warsaw (Shirze) red wine famous worldwide, also, to Warsaw and snow mixed brew Sauvignon red wine with high alcohol content, taste vigorous full Perhaps the most unique. Mexico-based features simple and bright. Rui Furui New South Wales it is the largest producing areas, mainly the daily production of cheap table wine. Victoria has a variety of types of wine, some to increase alcohol sweet wine known in the Northeast in addition to wine, but also produce color depth, high alcohol, heavy snow taste Warsaw (Shirze) and Sauvignon (Sauvignon) Red wine. Located in Perth Western Australia to (Perth) to the north of the Swan Valley’s most prestigious, the main producer of white Burgundy (White Burgundy) white wine. More moderate climate of the South Perth City is Western Australia’s most promising growing areas. Producing a result of the southernmost continental climate, so Riesling (Rhein Riesling) has a unique aroma and acidity. Second, understanding of Australian wine Australian wine be a representative of New World wines, basically, to recognize that Australian wine is better than old world wines, as we have already introduced from France and Italy simpler in every aspect. Take the wine label is the most obvious sights four points will be able to guess a pretty close without the need to want to see the old world wine labels, as so many of the producing areas to remember and name. 1. Breed: Standard on all New World wine, the most critical part is the variety of Australian wine is also the same. Australian wine in accordance with the law to label if the grapes, then this bottle of wine in the need for 85% of the species by the fermentation, and if the wine inside is not a mixture of varieties to 85% each, then we should mark out of all the major grape varieties, while those in the front than the standard variety of content and in the back. For example: Penfolds “Bin 389” Cabernet Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz is the use of two grape varieties, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz higher than the proportion. Now grape varieties grown in Australia is mainly popular international grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Grenache, Mouvedre, Chardonnay, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat. It is worth mentioning that Shiraz is the Australian wine has won an international reputation, noting that Australian wines, many people think of my mind the first word is Shiraz. Some small wineries are growing and the brewing of some unusual grape varieties, such as: Verdelho, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne, these small species of Australian wine, wine-rich style and taste. 2. Manufacturers are about 9,000 wineries in Australia, according to their position and they have different quality and style, such as one written specifically for low-end market, specifically taste, producing the so-called supermarket wine, such as: Lindemans, they produce stable quality, low price The low-grade wine. Some of the wine market for mid-range, such as: Rosemont, they produce relatively high quality but reasonable wine prices. In addition there are some for high-end markets, such as: Penfolds, Henschke, Sheng Chang has a very high quality and international reputation of the wine, but its price is also very expensive, when these Takaoka wineries will not only produce a superior products, and is a kind of superior products (flagship wine) to maintain its international reputation, while following the development of a series of mid-range wines have captured the market. There are some very small winery, they only produce a high quality wine, and very low yield, which only produce Cult Wine wineries are: Three River, Duck Muck so. Currently, Australian wine has very good potential, but the main problem is: There are many winery vineyard is planted in the past 10 years, still relatively young. And many wineries are using large machines, is the production of superior products with a hand or a few, so most wines in the international arena only in the mid-range and high-grade level, do this, if so many products and many French wineries have long history of winery than in some traditional and cultural shortcomings. 3. Origin, Australia’s wine producing similar provisions and the United States, only provides geographical origin of wine, Er, unlike the old world countries do, for the origin of Deming Hao ** 制度, many of the provisions. Australia’s wine regions are similar to the U.S. AVA system, producing geographical indications, in to label the wine regions (these production areas that must be provided for geographic growing areas of Australia), then fermented this wine grapes have 85% from the producing areas. These growing areas are divided into different levels of geographical indications: one super-region: South West Australia (Southwest Australia) including Duoliliya, New South Wales, Tasmania, in addition to the southern part of South Australia and Queensland. That is the name, including most of the wine regions, it is often seen labeled wine names. The second level of the state: a New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania. Here is a large district, regional and sub-regions. Many grape varieties and different growing areas to link producing areas in Australia, some varieties of some species are more prestigious than others. Cabernet Sauvignon Hunter Valley in New South Wales and South Australia’s Coonawarra has a higher quality, while in the hot Barossa Valley Shiraz reflects the characteristics typical of Australia, and relatively cold and some of the Yarra Valley is ideal for growing Riesling and Pinot Noir, West O region renowned for Chardonnay. 4. Year of relatively stable climate conditions and the new world of wine vintages way to make a final consideration, if we can find a quality reliable manufacturers and their favorite grape varieties and producing areas, in different years do not give you too much disappointed. Not the year is not important, but it is the last issue to be considered. Third, Australia’s four major wine regions in recent years, Australian wine for its good quality and reasonable price by the number of consumers around the world love. Australian wine is divided into four major producing areas, namely South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria (including Tasiniya Island), Western Australia. The yield ratio were 8:4:2:1. Each of the four major wine producing areas, characteristics, quality and are rated as the world level. South Australia with a unique environment that will become Australia’s most important wine region. Most of the vineyards concentrated in the south valley, and the Adelaide River in the vicinity. South, there Kunawalei, Budweiser, Barossa Valley and other well-known producing areas, and Cray. New South Wales is Australia’s oldest grape growing, many famous wineries are gathered here. Divided into three production areas: Hunter Valley to Semillon (Semillon) and strong snow Warsaw (Shirze) red wine famous worldwide, also, to Warsaw and snow mixed brew Sauvignon red wine with high alcohol content, taste vigorous full Perhaps the most unique. Mexico-based features simple and bright. Rui Furui New South Wales it is the largest producing areas, mainly the daily production of cheap table wine. Victoria has many types of wine, some to increase alcohol sweet wine known in the Northeast in addition to wine, but also produce color depth, high alcohol, heavy snow taste Warsaw (Shirze) and Sauvignon (Sauvignon) red wine . Located in Perth Western Australia to (Perth) to the north of the Swan Valley’s most prestigious, the main producer of white Burgundy (White Burgundy) white wine. More moderate climate of the South Perth City is Western Australia’s most promising growing areas. Producing a result of the southernmost continental climate, so Riesling (Rhein Riesling) has a unique aroma and acidity. [1] Australia, Australian wine wine wine wine labels marked 1. Winery, trademarks (Winery / Trade Mark) 2. Year (Vintage) Year means “grape harvest” of the year, there is no mandatory labeling regulations. But to identify the year, at least 85% of the grapes are harvested with the grapes that year. 3. Wine article series (The Range) 4. Grape varieties (Grape Varieties) regulations do not restrict the Australian wine varieties available, there is no mandatory labeling grapes. But to label requirements must be followed: (1) labeled a single grape variety. At least 85% of the grapes is the grape variety used. (2) If the blend, up to 5 varieties marked, labeled species to the overall 95% more than a single species at least 5%. (3) or up to mark three varieties, the total to more than 85% of the labeled species, one species at least 20%. Example A 90% of Cabernet and 5% Merlot compliance rules (1) and (2), you can choose label Cabernet or Cabernet Merlot Jieke. Example B 70% of Shiraz, 16% of Cabernet and Merlot 14% compliance with rules (2), can be labeled Shiraz Cabernet Merlot. Example C 60% of Cabernet and Merlot 25% compliance with rules (3), can be labeled Cabernet Merlot. 5. Viticultural areas (Geographical Indication) with grape-producing areas, there is no mandatory labeling regulations, but also do not have the seat for the winery. However, if the blend to be labeled an option to mark provinces / regions (State / Zones), such as South Australia / Limestone Coast, producing areas (regions) such as the Coonawarra, Vice-producing areas (Sub-regions). (1) marking a single viticultural areas. At least 85% of the grapes is used in the grape producing areas. (2) If the blend, up to mark three viticultural areas, producing more than the overall mark of 95%, of which at least 5% single-producing areas. For example, 75% Clare 15% Barossa 5% McLaren Vale, you can mark South Australia, South Eastern Australia or Clare Barossa McLaren Vale. 6. Capacity (Volume) Australian legislation on mandatory labeling bottles positive, the font height of at least 3.3mm. 7. Producing countries (Country of Origin) mandatory labeling regulations in Australia Produce of Australia or Australian Wine. In addition, Australia has a mandatory labeling regulations: alcohol (Alcohol Content) Standard Drinks <1standard drink = 10 g of alcohol) is calculated as = capacity of the alcohol concentration X 0.789 X allergen statement (Allergens Declaration) a. 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Famous Australian wine brands have? Each state is different!

Known concentrated in Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales Island, Victoria Island
Western Australia perth Hill and Margaret River are very well known producing areas

Brand: perth Hill have Theo estate, is composed of several five-star winery, Weishilanji U.S. Brook Manor estate. Home star Margaret River Winery: Manor West Bank Jungle

South Australia Brossa Valley produced wine, most mellow

Australian wine, Kallio, the South Australian Barossa producing

Australia ranked the nine well-known winery

1. Wolf Blass
30 years, Wolf Blass Winery has been producing some of Australia’s best wines, and from 1966 onwards in various international wine competitions, winning more than 3000 awards. 1992 International Wine and Spirits Competition, it was awarded the trophy in the annual International Wine traders; in 2001, won the same event in the title of the best producers in Australia.

2. Penfolds
160-plus years, Penfolds has been an outstanding wine producer. It’s persistent pursuit of quality, right out of fine wine production in the sense of responsibility, Yijingyanbian 成了 a tradition, on the Zheng Ge Australian wine industry produces Jitaiyingxiang Bing recognized worldwide. Penfolds vineyard to obtain quality from different grapes, including some of South Australia the best and oldest vineyards.

3. Orlando
Orlando is the process of wine from the vineyards began to use the Orlando himself and his huge team of elite planting cultivated grapes, these grapes grow mainly in Australia, such as the famous grape origin: Barossa Valley, McLaren Vale, Eden Valley , Coonawarra, Padthaway and Langhorne Creek and so on.

4. Seppelt
Since 1851, Seppelt wine house, has established an innovative type of quality Australian wine’s reputation. Seppelt wines from sparkling wine to the award-winning red wine, white wine and fortified wine such as a range of products; in each occasion there will be a suitable Seppelt wine.

5. Peter Lehmann Wines
Peter Lehmann Wines is Australia’s most respected and one of the most innovative wineries to produce the global wine enthusiasts a wine was pleasant. His internationally renowned region in South Australia’s Barossa Valley near the heart of Tanunda brewing activities. Since 2003, which owns four large wineries in the Hess Group members.

6. Yalumba
Yalumba wines has its own style; each style are subject to diverse factors. Yalumba winery to call it “controllable factors,” such as Yalumba nursery and field Barrel grape plants, these are a winery can not be any other to follow. Yalumba winery’s history and tradition combined with innovation so important in the Australian grape industries.

7. Wynns Wines
Today Wynns Coonawarra Estate is Coonawarra excellent wine producers, with the best local and is the oldest vineyards in the largest share. Red limestone soil and cool climate grape flavor is concentrated and low yield; lead the wine is considered one of Australia’s best wines, because bodied and maintaining a long and well known.

8. Rosemount Estate
In just 30 years, Rosemount Estate has established itself as a leader of the Australian wine industry, producing a series of reflecting the climatic characteristics of Australian quality wine rich. In the past few years, Rosemount Estate has many changes, but its commitment to quality remains unchanged. This world famous Rosemount Estate’s progress and success is of utmost importance.

9. Krondorf Winery
As South Australia is more ancient, one of the traditional brewery, Krondorf winery rich history. He came here from one of the pioneer family established; but until the early seventies the twentieth century by the Grant Burge and Ian Wilson took over the macro will only name Krondorf. With the constantly produce high-quality wines, effective promotion, Krondorf winery reputation reputations; sales also increased. In 1983, the brewery market; two years after Mildara buy. Burge and Wilson continued their stay in the winery the myth, the myth of their year 1979 with McLaren Vale, Barossa and Coonawarra Cabernet Sauvignon 1980 wine won the Jimmy Watson Memorial Trophy and has been consolidated. Krondorf has been a trusted brand of wine.

Australian wine classification

Best answer

Hierarchical classification of wine

In accordance with the relevant provisions of the EU wine is divided into two main categories:
Pu-class wine
Specific producing high quality wines (the VQPRD)
In France, these two types of wine each divided into two categories:
● general level of wine can be further divided into:
The original meaning of the general class of wine (vins de table)
Regional wine (vins de pays)
● producing quality wine in particular, can be further divided into:
Excellent regional wine (VDQS)
AOC wines (AOC)

Pu-class wine
As long as the French wine country of origin, whether from the same region or with several wine producing areas, the deployment is made, and can be referred to as “general-level French wine.” If it is the wine from different EU countries, a blend is called “the deployment of different countries from the European Union wine.” Deployment of the wine country outside the EU is prohibited. This wine does not need a special permit, but it is subject to EU rules and regulations of the minimum production requirements. Under normal circumstances, these general-level wine to a brand on the market.

Area table wine
These are different because the origin of the common individual-level wine. A regional wine must be produced in its name on its label that producing areas. It must meet the strict prescribed by the law of product terms, for example, the highest yield per hectare, minimum alcohol, grape varieties and strict analysis of the standard.
There are three levels of wine regions:
– Province named regional wines
– Wine region named region
– Wine region named the area
These wines go through the special permit procedures, and to go through component analysis and sensory taste test the wine industry by the State Administration (ONIVINS) for formal approval.

Fine wine region
The production of wine-producing areas by the name of the national statutory authority (INAO) strict requirements and approval. This provision also takes into account given by the union label wine production problems. These wines must conform to the provisions of the Act to certain conditions: region of origin, grape variety, minimum alcohol content, maximum yield, planting techniques, analysis of standards and taste sensory test. Fine wine region constitutes a connected region’s wines and AOC wines intermediate links.

AOC wines
These wines must meet the AOC by the National Authority under the name of the official announcement by the law of all production conditions. AOC wines built on respect for “local, loyal and constant practice” basis, which are produced in the most prestigious areas. The wine production requirements are more stringent than the fine wine regions, including the following criteria: area of origin, the maximum limit production, grape varieties, the minimum alcohol content, cultivation methods, analytical standards, and sometimes even with the conditions of aging mature . All of these calls to go through the analysis of AOC wines and taste test. They want to AOC by the name of the National Authority for formal approval.

Wine industry (from the sommelier, food and beverage industry professionals to writers, trainers, retailers, restaurants, importers and distributors) and the Australian wine Australian wine

Australia’s famous wine regions and wine brands, including Penfolds (Penfolds), Jie Kasi (Jacob’s Creek), Hardy (Hardys) and Victorian wine region.

More than 100 wine suppliers of more than 1,200 wines.

Need wine in Australia

Manufacturer

Australia has about 9,000 wineries, according to their position and they have different quality and style, such as one written specifically for low-end market, specifically taste, producing the so-called supermarket wine, such as: Lindemans, they produce stable quality, low cost, low-end wine. Some of the wine market for mid-range, such as: Rosemont, they produce relatively high quality but reasonable wine prices. In addition there are some for high-end markets, such as: Penfolds, Henschke, Sheng Chang has a very high quality and international reputation of the wine, but its price is also very expensive, when these Takaoka wineries will not only produce a superior products, and is a kind of superior products (flagship wine) to maintain its international reputation, while following the development of a series of mid-range wines have captured the market. There are some very small winery, they only produce a high quality wine, and very low yield, which only produce Cult Wine wineries are: Three River, Duck Muck so.

Currently, Australian wine has very good potential, but the main problem is: There are many winery vineyard is planted in the past 10 years, still relatively young. And many wineries are using large machines, is the production of superior products with a hand or a few, so most wines in the international arena only in the mid-range and high-grade level, do this, if so many products and many French wineries have long history of winery than in some traditional and cultural shortcomings.

Place of origin

The provisions of Australian wines and the United States similar to the provisions of the wines only location, but not as old as the world’s countries, name of origin control system for a lot of requirements. Australia’s wine regions are similar to the U.S. AVA system, producing geographical indications, in to label the wine regions (these production areas that must be provided for geographic growing areas of Australia), then fermented this wine grapes have 85% from the producing areas.

These growing areas are divided into different levels of geographical indications: one super-region: South West Australia (Southwest Australia) including Duoliliya, New South Wales, Tasmania, in addition to the southern part of South Australia and Queensland. That is the name, including most of the wine regions, it is often seen labeled wine names. The second level of the state: a New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania. Here is a large district, regional and sub-regions. A lot of different grape varieties and producing areas to be linked to some production areas in Australia, some varieties are more prestigious than other varieties. Cabernet Sauvignon Hunter Valley in New South Wales and South Australia’s Coonawarra has a higher quality, while in the hot Barossa Valley Shiraz reflects the characteristics typical of Australia, and relatively cold and some of the Yarra Valley is ideal for growing Riesling and Pinot Noir, West O region renowned for Chardonnay.

Years

A relatively stable climate conditions and the new world of wine way to make wine the year to be the last consideration, if we can find a quality reliable manufacturers and their favorite grape varieties and producing areas, in different years will not let you down too much . Not the year is not important, but it is the last issue to be considered.

Australia’s four major wine regions

In recent years, Australian wine for its good quality and reasonable prices all over the world by many consumers. Australian wine is divided into four major producing areas, namely South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria (including Tasiniya Island), Western Australia. The yield ratio were 8:4:2:1. Each of the four major wine producing areas, characteristics, quality and are rated as the world level. South Australia with a unique environment that will become Australia’s most important wine region. Most of the vineyards concentrated in the south valley, and the Adelaide River in the vicinity. South, there Kunawalei, Budweiser, Barossa Valley and other well-known producing areas, and Cray.

New South Wales is Australia’s oldest grape growing, many famous wineries are gathered here. Divided into three production areas: Hunter Valley to Semillon (Semillon) and strong snow Warsaw (Shirze) red wine famous worldwide, also, to Warsaw and snow mixed brew Sauvignon red wine with high alcohol content, taste vigorous full Perhaps the most unique. Mexico-based features simple and bright. Rui Furui New South Wales it is the largest producing areas, mainly the daily production of cheap table wine.

Victoria has many types of wine, some to increase alcohol sweet wine known in the Northeast in addition to wine, but also produce color depth, high alcohol, heavy snow taste Warsaw (Shirze) and Sauvignon (Sauvignon) red wine .

Located in Perth Western Australia to (Perth) to the north of the Swan Valley’s most prestigious, the main producer of white Burgundy (White Burgundy) white wine. More moderate climate of the South Perth City is Western Australia’s most promising growing areas. Producing a result of the southernmost continental climate, so Riesling (Rhein Riesling) has a unique aroma and acidity.

Australian wine distribution

National Australia is divided into seven states, namely, the Northern Territory, South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland and Tasmania (province). Australia’s northern latitude low, is the tropical rain forest, inland desert and wilderness, weather hot and dry, not suitable for growing grapes, so wine regions mainly in the Southeast, including Victoria (Victoria), New South Wales (New South Wales), South Australia (South Australia) and Tasmania (Tasmania). Also in Western Australia also has a small vineyard.

The reason why Australian wine has such a reputation because of its unique quality of land and many world-class winemaker outstanding quality, plus the world’s most stringent management and production processes, and Australian special simple, simple, non simple and honest, not as the money for the sole purpose of, and to credit and happy life as the first pursuit of the environment, brewed out of inexpensive high-quality world-class wine.

These are also including China, many wine experts and industry consistent with the authority of the common person strong views, and they also believe that the same level and with the price of Australian wine, some other origin than the same grade and with the price of wine much higher quality, this fact would tasting each and every person is a common view. That is why we want a strong reason to promote Australian wine.

In recent years, Australian wine for its good quality and reasonable prices all over the world by many consumers. Australian wine is divided into four major producing areas, namely South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria (including Tasiniya Island), Western Australia. The yield ratio were 8:4:2:1. Each of the four major wine producing areas, characteristics, quality and are rated as the world level. South Australia with a unique environment that will become Australia’s most important wine region. Most of the vineyards concentrated in the south valley, and the Adelaide River in the vicinity.

South, there Kunawalei, Budweiser, Barossa Valley and other well-known producing areas, and Cray. New South Wales is Australia’s oldest grape growing, many famous wineries are gathered here. Divided into three production areas: Hunter Valley to Semillon (Semillon) and strong snow Warsaw (Shirze) red wine famous worldwide, also, to Warsaw and snow mixed brew Sauvignon red wine with high alcohol content, taste vigorous full Perhaps the most unique. Mexico-based features simple and bright.

Rui Furui New South Wales it is the largest producing areas, mainly the daily production of cheap table wine. Victoria has a variety of types of wine, some to increase alcohol sweet wine known in the Northeast in addition to wine, but also produce color depth, high alcohol, heavy snow taste Warsaw (Shirze) and Sauvignon (Sauvignon) Red wine. Located in Perth Western Australia to (Perth) to the north of the Swan Valley’s most prestigious, the main producer of white Burgundy (White Burgundy) white wine. More moderate climate of the South Perth City is Western Australia’s most promising growing areas. Producing a result of the southernmost continental climate, so Riesling (Rhein Riesling) has a unique aroma and acidity.

Australian wine

Australian wine be a representative of New World wines, basically, to recognize that Australian wine is better than old world wines, as we have already introduced from France and Italy simpler in every aspect. Take the wine label is the most obvious sights four points will be able to guess a pretty close without the need to want to see the old world wine labels, as so many of the producing areas to remember and name.

Variety:

Standard in all New World wine, the most critical part is the variety of Australian wine is also the same. Australian wine in accordance with the law to label if the grapes, then this bottle of wine in the need for 85% of the species by the fermentation, and if the wine inside is not a mixture of varieties to 85% each, then we should mark out of all the major grape varieties, while those in the front than the standard variety of content and in the back. For example:

Penfolds “Bin 389” Cabernet Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz is the use of two grape varieties, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz higher than the proportion.

Now grape varieties grown in Australia is mainly popular international grape varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Grenache, Mouvedre, Chardonnay, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat. It is worth mentioning that Shiraz is the Australian wine has won an international reputation, noting that Australian wines, many people think of my mind the first word is Shiraz. Some small wineries are growing and the brewing of some unusual grape varieties, such as: Verdelho, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne, these small species of Australian wine, wine-rich style and taste.

澳洲十大葡萄酒产区   Barossa Valley, South Australia 巴罗莎谷,南澳州   巴罗莎谷生产色拉子(Shiraz)而出名,她是澳洲著名葡萄酒的发源地。位于南澳州首府阿德雷德市的东北部约一小时车程,山谷拥有连绵的山脉,肥沃的土壤,加上地中海气候,使其生产出丰满的红酒和精致的白葡萄酒,品种包括赛蜜蓉(Semillon)和莎当妮(Chardonnay)。巴罗莎谷起初由德国农夫Luthern在1830年建立,现今在已有超过50个葡萄园和门市店(Celler Door),包括小家庭企业和国家公司。   Clare Valley克莱尔谷   克莱尔谷被认为是南澳洲最独特的地区之一。她以“澳大利亚雷司令(Riesling)的故乡”而闻名,这主要是因为克莱尔谷长期不断出产高质量的葡萄酒赢得很多国际忠实消费者。   克莱尔谷不仅仅是雷司令出名,她也生产赤霞珠和施赫葡萄酒,在山谷的不同葡萄由于地点,土壤和海拔的不同,生产出来的口感和风格也大不相同。克莱尔谷葡萄产区是在1840年被英国,爱尔兰,和波兰人建立的,他们一来到这里就开始种植葡萄树。今天来这里参观的人能享受到最热门的威士莲接着山谷中许多的小镇。   Coonawarra古纳华拉   隐藏在古纳华拉葡萄主区的宝藏是其宝贵的石灰石层地形和在其下的丰富的红土。这两者加起来生产出的赤霞珠葡萄是使所有世界其他葡萄产区所羡慕不已的。由苏格兰人John Riddoch在一个世纪前建立,古纳华拉出产的葡萄酒具有强烈而又经典的果香,赢得不少美誉。大多数古纳华拉赤霞珠葡萄酒成熟期差不多须要十年。但这不是这地区仅有的著名品种。其他品种施赫,梅洛,莎当妮,苏维翁白等都获得很多奖项。   Heathcote希恩科特   希恩科特以生产典雅和复杂的葡萄酒,是施赫葡萄发展迅速的区域。位于维多利亚的希恩科特受到骆驼山产生的寒冷气候影响,在葡萄成长期十月到三月时特别的寒冷,使其生产的葡萄也特别的优良。   希恩科特的赤霞珠也另有风味。此外,意大利品种圣祖维斯(Sangiovese)和利比奥奴(Nebbiolo)也被移植到次区域,也提高次区域知名度。香味浓郁的白葡萄酒如雷司令(Riesling),维利奥尔(Viognier)和灰皮诺(Pinot Grigio),展现了一种强烈而高雅,果香浓郁的地区风格。   Hunter Valley猎人谷   猎人谷是澳大利亚最古老的葡萄产区,很早期猎人谷的葡萄酒业已经繁荣发展,现今从悉尼到猎人谷途中已有超过80个葡萄庄园和门市 店(Celler Door)。施赫,维特内(Verdelho),莎当妮但没有其他地区象猎人谷一样与赛蜜蓉(Semillon)关系密切。   Mclaren Vale麦拿仑谷   澳大利亚巴罗莎谷和麦拿仑谷每年都 要为争夺“澳大利亚最好的施赫”这一殊荣而展开竞赛。麦拿仑谷在阿德莱德南部,被众多的草原和果园包围。她肥沃的土壤和来自圣文森特深谷的水源使当地能够生产出味道醇厚的红葡萄酒和口感强劲却又均衡的白葡萄酒。   虽然在20年前此地区在葡萄酿造业上还是默默无闻,但现今已拥有超过50个葡萄园和门市店(Celler Door)。麦拿仑谷具领导地位的红葡萄品种是施赫,赤霞珠,干拿斯和梅洛,白葡萄品种有莎当妮,白苏维翁,赛蜜蓉和雷司令。   Margaret River玛格丽河   在过去十年间,玛格丽河不知不觉的成为了著名的优质葡萄酒生产地。虽然当地酿造各种经典的品种,玛格丽河酿酒师还是致力发展具地区特色的赤霞珠。当地秀丽的沿海风光和美味食物所引发的旅游业,和其出产的独特的施赫和维特内(Verdelho)是相得益彰,互相辉映。   Mudgee马奇   坐落在新南威尔士州蓝色山脉的深处,马奇又是澳大利亚葡萄酒酿造业历史上的另一辉煌。在19世纪60年代,德国的移民就开始了商业性的种植,但现代葡萄酒的酿造还是始于20世纪70年代。   很多国家公司已经在当地设立商店,以提供品种多样的精品葡萄酒。口感强列,味道醇厚的赤霞珠具有复杂的香味,而且存放时间持久,一直是本地区代表。而莎当妮则在马奇地区最受欢迎和被高度认同的白葡萄酒。   Tasmania塔斯马尼亚岛   相对于澳大利亚其他的地区而言,塔斯马尼亚岛的葡萄栽植历史还比较短。有些地区在19世纪就开始了种植葡萄,但塔岛一直到了20世纪70年代才由Pipers Brook开始葡萄种植。塔岛是以其引人入胜的风景而出名,现在已有超过60个葡萄园,其中大部分都是只有几公顷的小规模种植园。   塔岛寒冷的海洋性气候使它生产出来的葡萄酒口感一流,并带有极佳的天然的酸性。其特别的品种包括了黑皮诺(Pinot Noir)气酒和红酒,莎当妮,雷司令,灰皮诺(Pinot Grigio),赤霞珠和佛朗(Cabernet Franc)混合的葡萄酒。   Yarra Valley亚拉谷   亚拉谷是维多利亚州最古老的产酒区,她被誉为世界上最佳的寒冷气候的葡萄酒生产区域之一。她的特产是黑皮谨和莎当妮。但她独特精美的施赫和赤霞珠也受到品酒师的青睐。   莎当妮是亚拉谷种植得最广泛的白葡萄品种,其风格多异-从口感复杂的橡木风格到高贵拘谨的风格,莎当妮的酿造一直都是遵循传统的酿酒工艺。其他在亚拉谷种植的白葡萄品种包括白苏维翁,她时常会与赛密蓉,特浓查蔓娜Gew urztraminer和马珊(Marsanne)混合的葡萄酒。    澳洲葡萄酒分布   一,澳洲葡萄酒分布   澳大利亚全国共分为七个州,分别是北领地、南澳、西澳、新南威尔士、维多利亚、昆士兰和塔斯马尼亚岛(省)。 澳大利亚的北部纬度低,是热带雨林区,内陆是沙漠和莽原,气候炎热干燥,都不适合葡萄的生长,所以葡萄酒产区主要集中在东南部,包括维多利亚(Victoria)、新南威尔士(New South Wales)、南澳大利亚(South Australia)和塔斯马尼亚岛(Tasmania)。另外西澳大利亚也有少量的葡萄园。   澳大利亚的葡萄酒之所以有如此的盛名,是因为其特有的优良土地和许多世界级杰出优秀的酿酒师,再加上世界上最严格的管理和生产过程,以及澳洲人特有的简单,纯朴,憨厚,不视金钱为唯一目的,而把信用和快乐生活视为第一追求的环境下,酿造出来的质优价廉的世界级美酒。   以上这些也是同时包括中国在内的许多葡萄酒专家和行业权威人仕的共同一致强烈的看法,同时他们更认为同等级和同价格的澳洲酒,一定要比其它产地的同等级和同价格的葡萄酒的质量要高出许多,这个事实也是每一位会品酒人仕的共同认为。这也就是我们为什么想强烈推广澳大利亚葡萄酒的原因。   近年来,澳洲葡萄酒以其优良的品质和合理的价格受到了世界各地众多消费者的喜爱。澳洲葡萄酒分为四大产区,分别是南澳、新南威尔士、维多利亚(包括塔斯尼亚岛)、西澳。其产量比依次为8:4:2:1。四大产区的葡萄酒各有特色,质量均堪称世界水平。 南澳以得天独厚的优良环境成为澳洲最重要的葡萄酒产区。大部分的葡萄园集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近区域。   以南则有库纳瓦雷、百威、巴罗沙谷和克雷谷等知名产区。新南威尔士是澳大利亚最早的葡萄种植地,许多著名酒厂聚集在这里。主要分为3个产区:猎人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和浓郁的雪华沙(Shirze)红葡萄酒闻名全球,另外,以雪华沙和苏维翁混合酿制的红葡萄酒酒精浓度高,口感浑厚饱满,最具特色。墨基以简单明快为特色。   瑞弗瑞那是新南威尔士最大的产区,主要生产价廉物美的日常餐酒。 维多利亚的葡萄酒具有多种类型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒闻名,东北部除了甜酒外,还出产色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪华沙(Shirze)和苏维翁(Sauvignon)红葡萄酒。 西澳以位于伯斯(Perth)以北的天鹅谷最负盛名,主要出产白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方气候较温和,是西澳最具发展前景的产区。最南端的产区因属大陆性气候,因此丽丝玲(Rhein Riesling)有着特有的香气和酸度。   二,认识澳大利亚葡萄酒   澳大利亚葡萄酒算是葡萄酒新世界的代表之一,基本上来说,要认识澳大利亚葡萄酒总比旧世界的葡萄酒如我们已经介绍过的法国和意大利从各个方面都要简单一些。就拿葡萄酒的标签来说就最明显,看准4个要点就能猜个八九不离十而不需要想看旧世界的酒标那样,要记住那么多的产区和名号。   1.品种:   在所有新世界葡萄酒酒标上,最关键的部分就是品种,对澳大利亚酒来说也是一样的。按照澳大利亚葡萄酒的法律规定,如果在酒标上标注葡萄品种,则这瓶酒里需要有85%是由该品种酿造的,如果葡萄酒里面混合的品种每一种都不到85%,那么就要标注出所有主要的葡萄品种,而标在前面的品种要比标在后面的含量多。比如:   Penfolds “Bin 389” Cabernet Shiraz,就是用Cabernet Sauvignon和Shiraz两种葡萄品种,而且Cabernet Sauvignon所占的比例要比Shiraz高。   目前在澳大利亚种植的葡萄品种主要是国际上比较流行的葡萄品种:Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Grenache, Mouvedre, Chardonnay, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat。其中值得一提的是Shiraz为澳大利亚葡萄酒赢得了国际声誉,一提大利亚葡萄酒,很多人脑子里想到的第一个字就是Shiraz。一些小酒厂也在种植和酿造一些不常见的葡萄品种,如:Verdelho, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne,这些小品种的葡萄酒丰富了澳大利亚葡萄酒的风格和口味。   2.生产厂家   澳大利亚有大概9000个酒厂,他们根据自己的定位而有着不同的质量和风格,比如有一写就尝专门专门针对低档市场,生产所谓超市酒,比如:Lindemans,他们生产质量稳定,价格低廉的低档葡萄酒。有些针对中档葡萄酒市场,如:Rosemont,他们生产质量较高但是价格相对比较合理的葡萄酒。另外有一些针对高档市场,比如:   Penfolds, Henschke,升昌具有极高质量和国际声望的葡萄酒,但是其价格也非常昂贵,当让这些高冈酒厂也不会只生产一种高档酒,而是以一种高档酒(旗舰酒)维持其国际声名,同时下面发展出一系列中档葡萄酒已占领市场。还有一些非常小的酒厂,他们只生产一种品质极高的葡萄酒,而且产量极低,这种仅仅生产Cult Wine的酒厂有:Three River, Duck Muck等。   目前看来,澳大利亚葡萄酒有非常好的发展潜力,但是主要的问题是:目前很多葡萄酒厂的葡萄园是近10年来种植的,还比较年轻。而且很多葡萄酒厂是用大机器生产,是用纯手工生产高档酒的还是少数,因此多数葡萄酒在国际上仅仅是处于中档和中高档水平,为此,如果让众多酒厂的产品与法国很多具有悠久历史的酒庄相比,在传统和文化上还有一些缺憾。   3.产地   澳大利亚的葡萄酒产地规定与美国类似,只规定了葡萄酒产地的地理位置,而没有像旧世界国家那样,对于原产地名号**制度有很多的规定。澳大利亚葡萄酒产区有类似美国AVA制度的产区地理标识,在酒标上标注了葡萄酒产区(这些产区必须是澳大利亚产区地理表示规定的),那么酿造这种酒的葡萄要有85%来自该产区。   这些产区地理标识分成不同的级别:其中超级地区:西南澳大利亚(Southwest Australia)包括为多利利亚,新南威尔士,塔斯马尼亚,另外还有南澳和昆士兰的南部地区。也就是说这个名字包括了绝大部分的葡萄酒产区,它也是葡萄酒标上经常被看到的名字。第二个级别是州:有新南威尔士,维多利亚,南澳,西澳,塔斯马尼亚。下面就是大区,地区和子地区.   很多葡萄品种要与不同的产区联系起来,在澳大利亚有些产区的某些品种比其它的品种更有声望。Cabernet Sauvignon在新南威尔士的Hunter Valley和南澳的Coonawarra具有更高的质量,而Shiraz在炎热的Barossa Valley体现出典型的澳大利亚特点,而相对寒冷一些的Yarra Valley非常适合Riesling和Pinot Noir的生长,西澳地区以Chardonnay闻名。   4.年份   相对稳定的气候条件和新世界的酿酒方式让葡萄酒的年份成为最后考虑的问题,如果能够找到质量信得过的厂家和自己喜欢的葡萄品种及产区,不同的年份都不会让大家太过失望。并非年份不重要,但是它是最后需要考虑的问题。   三,澳大利亚的四大葡萄酒产区   近年来,澳洲葡萄酒以其优良的品质和合理的价格受到了世界各地众多消费者的喜爱。澳洲葡萄酒分为四大产区,分别是南澳、新南威尔士、维多利亚(包括塔斯尼亚岛)、西澳。其产量比依次为8:4:2:1。四大产区的葡萄酒各有特色,质量均堪称世界水平。   南澳以得天独厚的优良环境成为澳洲最重要的葡萄酒产区。大部分的葡萄园集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近区域。以南则有库纳瓦雷、百威、巴罗沙谷和克雷谷等知名产区。   新南威尔士是澳大利亚最早的葡萄种植地,许多著名酒厂聚集在这里。主要分为3个产区:猎人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和浓郁的雪华沙(Shirze)红葡萄酒闻名全球,另外,以雪华沙和苏维翁混合酿制的红葡萄酒酒精浓度高,口感浑厚饱满,最具特色。墨基以简单明快为特色。瑞弗瑞那是新南威尔士最大的产区,主要生产价廉物美的日常餐酒。   维多利亚的葡萄酒具有多类型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒闻名,东北部除了甜酒外,还出产色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪华沙(Shirze)和苏维翁(Sauvignon)红葡萄酒。   西澳以位于伯斯(Perth)以北的天鹅谷最负盛名,主要出产白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方气候较温和,是西澳最具发展前景的产区。最南端的产区因属大陆性气候,因此丽丝玲(Rhein Riesling)有着特有的香气和酸度。   [1]澳大利亚葡萄酒酒标      澳大利亚葡萄酒酒标1.酒庄、商标(Winery/Trade Mark)   2.年份(Vintage)   年份是指「葡萄收成」的年份,法规并没有强制标示。但若标示年份,至少85%的葡萄是采用该年份收成的葡萄。   3.酒款系列(The Range)   4.葡萄品种(Grape Varieties)   澳洲法规并没有限制可以酿制葡萄酒的品种,也没有强制标示葡萄品种。但若要标示则必须遵循规定:   (1)标示单一葡萄品种。至少85%的葡萄是采用该葡萄品种。   (2)如为blend,至多标示5个品种,标示的品种要超过整体95%,单一品种至少5%。   (3)或至多标示3个品种,总标示品种要超过85%,单一品种至少20%。   范例A 90%的Cabernet和5%的Merlot   符合规则(1)和(2),则可选择标示Cabernet或Cabernet Merlot皆可。   范例B 70%的Shiraz、16%的Cabernet和14%的Merlot   符合规则(2),则可标示Shiraz Cabernet Merlot。   范例C 60%的Cabernet和25%的Merlot   符合规则(3),则可标示Cabernet Merlot。   5.葡萄产区(Geographical Indication)   采用葡萄的产区,法规并没有强制标示,也不必为酒庄所在地。但若为blend要标示时,可选择标示省份/区域(State/Zones)如South Australia/Limestone Coast、产区(regions)如Coonawarra、副产区(Sub-regions)。   (1)标示单一葡萄产区。至少85%的葡萄是采用该葡萄产区。   (2)如果为blend,至多标示3个葡萄产区,标示的产区超过整体的95%,其中单一产区至少含5%。   举例来说,75% Clare 15% Barossa 5% McLaren Vale,则可标示South Australia、South Eastern Australia或Clare Barossa McLaren Vale。   6.容量(Volume)   澳洲法规强制标示于酒瓶正面,字体高度至少要3.3mm。   7.产国(Country of Origin)   澳洲法规强制标示Produce of Australia或Australian Wine。   另外澳洲法规还强制标示:   酒精浓度(Alcohol Content)   Standard Drinks 〈1standard drink=10克酒精)   计算方式为=容量X酒精浓度X 0.789   过敏原声明(Allergens Declaration)   a. Preservative (220)二氧化硫(sulphur dioxide)超过10mg/kg。   b.澄清媒介(fining agent)如蛋白、牛奶、鱼胶。   c.非葡萄产生之丹宁酸如栗子、坚果。

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本公司汉语简称译文名称是:(英联邦)金发小姐*陈氏(买卖)直升机帝国集团公司,或者说,(英联邦)金发姑娘*陈氏直升飞机帝国(营销)集团公司,或者说, (英联邦)金发女孩*陈氏(销售)直升机帝国集团公司;E-MAIL: CHENSIHONG1961@126 .COM ; GEORGE13901623260@163.COM ; CHENSIHONG1961@GMAIL.COM ; GEORGECHEN13901623260@HOTMAIL.COM ;
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本公司汉语译文名称,简称是:(英联邦)金发小姐*陈氏(买卖)直升机帝国集团公司,或者说,(英联邦)金发女孩*陈氏直升飞机帝国(营销)集团公司,或者说,(英联邦)金发姑娘*陈氏直升飞机帝国(销售)集团公司;E-MAIL: CHENSIHONG1961@126 .COM ; GEORGE13901623260@163.COM ; CHENSIHONG1961@GMAIL.COM ; GEORGECHEN13901623260@HOTMAIL.COM ;
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注:英语由谷歌自动翻译,谢谢

澳大利亚红酒有名气的品牌有哪些?每个州都不同!

出名的集中在西澳洲、南澳洲、新南威尔士洲、维多利亚洲
西澳洲的perth Hill和Margaret River都是很出名的产区

品牌:perth Hill有个西奥庄园,是几家五星级酒庄组成的,威士兰吉庄园和美布鲁克庄园。Margaret River有家五星级酒庄:西岸丛林庄园

南澳Brossa Valley产的酒,最香醇

澳洲的葡萄酒,卡里奥的,南澳巴罗莎产区

澳洲九大著名葡萄酒厂排名

1. Wolf Blass
30多年来,Wolf Blass酒厂一直出产着一些澳大利亚最好的葡萄酒,并从1966年起开始在各项国际葡萄酒赛事上赢得3000多个奖项。1992年在国际葡萄酒和烈酒大赛上它被授予年度国际葡萄酒酒商的奖杯;2001年,在同一赛事中摘得最佳澳大利亚生产商的头衔。

2. Penfolds
160多年期间,Penfolds一直是杰出的葡萄酒生产商。它对品质的执着追求、对生产出优质葡萄酒的责任感,已经演变成了一种传统,对整个澳大利亚的葡萄酒业产生极大影响并得到全世界的认可。Penfolds能够从不同葡萄园里获取优质葡萄,包括一些南澳最好和最古老的葡萄园。

3. Orlando
Orlando酿制葡萄酒的过程是从葡萄园开始的,使用由Orlando自己和他庞大的精英种植团队所培育出来的葡萄,这些葡萄主要生长在澳洲著名的葡萄产地如:Barossa Valley, McLaren Vale, Eden Valley, Coonawarra, Padthaway 以及Langhorne Creek等。

4. Seppelt
自1851年以来,Seppelt酒屋就已经建立起了创新优质型澳大利亚葡萄酒的声誉。Seppelt的葡萄酒包括从起泡酒到获奖的红酒、白葡萄酒和强化酒等一系列产品;在每个场合都会有一款合适的Seppelt葡萄酒。

5. Peter Lehmann Wines
Peter Lehmann Wines是澳大利亚最受尊敬和最具创新性的酒厂之一,生产出令全球葡萄酒爱好者感到愉悦的葡萄酒。他在南澳地区国际知名Barossa Valley的中心地带Tanunda附近进行酿造活动。2003年起成为旗下拥有四家大型酒厂的Hess集团的成员。

6. Yalumba
Yalumba葡萄酒都有自己的风格;每种风格都受到多样化因素的影响。Yalumba酒厂将之称为“可控性因素”,比如Yalumba葡萄苗圃和实地制桶工厂,这些都是任何其它一家酒厂都无法效仿的。Yalumba酒厂的历史和传统再加上创新使其在澳大利亚葡萄业举足轻重。

7. Wynns Wines
今天Wynns Coonawarra庄园是Coonawarra卓越的葡萄酒生产商,拥有着当地最好而且是最古老的葡萄园的最大份额。红色石灰土壤和凉爽的气候是葡萄的风味集中而产量较低;酿成的葡萄酒被视为澳大利亚最好的葡萄酒之一,因为其酒体丰满、保持长久而为人熟知。

8. Rosemount Estate
在短短30多年,Rosemount Estate已将自己建设成为澳大利亚葡萄酒业的领军人物,生产出一系列反映了澳大利亚丰富气候特征的优质葡萄酒。在过去几年间,Rosemount Estate有了很多的改变,但其对品质的承诺始终未变。这点对世界知名Rosemount Estate的进步和成功来讲至关重要。

9. Krondorf Winery
作为南澳较为古老、传统的酿酒厂之一,Krondorf酒厂的历史丰富多彩。他是由来到这里的先驱家族之一建立的;但一直到二十世纪七十年代早期由Grant Burge 和Ian Wilson接管的时候才被命名为Krondorf。随着不断出产优质葡萄酒、进行有效推广,Krondorf酒厂声誉鹊起;销量也不断增加。1983年,酒厂上市;两年后被Mildara收购。Burge 和Wilson留在酒厂继续着他们的神话,这个神话在他们凭借1979年份McLaren Vale, Barossa 和Coonawarra的赤霞珠葡萄酒赢得1980年纪念奖杯Jimmy Watson而得到巩固。Krondorf一直是一个值得信任的葡萄酒品牌。

澳大利亚葡萄酒分级

最佳答案

葡萄酒的等级分类

按照欧盟的有关规定,葡萄酒被分为两大类:
普级餐酒
特定产区的优质酒(简称VQPRD)
在法国,这两类酒各自分为两小类:
●普级餐酒可以再分成:
本义上的普级餐酒(vins de table)
地区餐酒(vins de pays)
●在特定产区优质酒中,可再分为:
优良地区餐酒(VDQS)
法定产区葡萄酒(AOC)

普级餐酒
只要这些酒原产地是法国,不论是用来自同一地区还是几个产区的酒调配而成的,都可称为“法国普级餐酒”。如果是由源于欧盟不同国家的酒调配而成,则被称为“来自欧盟不同国家的调配酒”。调配欧盟以外国家的葡萄酒是禁止的。这种酒并不需要特殊允许,但是,它需符合欧盟有关章程所规定的最低的生产要求。在通常的情况下,这些普级餐酒以某个牌子在市场上销售。

地区餐酒
这些是由于产地来源不同而个性化的普级餐酒。一种地区餐酒必须产自于它所标示其名的那个产区。它必须符合由法令所规定的严格的产品条件,譬如,每公顷最高产量、最低酒精度、葡萄品种以及严格的分析标准。
地区餐酒有三种等级:
-省命名的地区餐酒
-地区命名的地区餐酒
-大区命名的地区餐酒
这些酒都要经过特别准许的手续,并且要经过成份分析和感官品尝检验,由国家葡萄酒行业管理局(ONIVINS)正式核准。

优良地区餐酒
这些酒的生产由全国法定产区名称管理局(INAO)严格规定和核准。这一规定还考虑到由有关葡萄酒生产工会授予标签的问题。这些酒必须符合由法令所规定的某些条件:原产地区,葡萄品种,最低酒精含量,最高产量,种植技术,分析标准以及感官品尝检验。优良地区餐酒构成了连接地区餐酒和法定产区葡萄酒的中间环节。

法定产区葡萄酒
这些酒必须满足由全国法定产区名称管理局所规定并由法令正式宣布的所有生产条件。法定产区葡萄酒建立在尊重“地方的、忠诚和不变的习俗”的基础之上,它们都产自那些最享有盛名的地区。这些酒的生产规定比优良地区餐酒还要严格,包括以下这些标准:原产地区,最高限产量,葡萄品种,最低酒精含量,种植方法,分析标准,有时甚至还要加上老化成熟的条件。所有这些称之为法定产区葡萄酒都要经过分析和品尝检验。它们要经由全国法定产区名称管理局正式批准。

葡萄酒业界(从侍酒师、餐饮业从业人员到撰稿人、培训师、零售商、餐厅、进口商和分销商)澳大利亚葡萄酒以及澳大利亚葡萄酒

澳大利亚知名葡萄酒品牌及葡萄酒产区,包括奔富(Penfolds),杰卡斯(Jacob’s Creek),哈迪(Hardys)及维多利亚州葡萄酒产区。

世界100多个葡萄酒供应商的超过1200款葡萄酒。

澳大利亚极品葡萄酒

  生产厂家

  澳大利亚有大概9000个酒厂,他们根据自己的定位而有着不同的质量和风格,比如有一写就尝专门专门针对低档市场,生产所谓超市酒,比如:Lindemans,他们生产质量稳定,价格低廉的低档葡萄酒。有些针对中档葡萄酒市场,如:Rosemont,他们生产质量较高但是价格相对比较合理的葡萄酒。另外有一些针对高档市场,比如:Penfolds, Henschke,升昌具有极高质量和国际声望的葡萄酒,但是其价格也非常昂贵,当让这些高冈酒厂也不会只生产一种高档酒,而是以一种高档酒(旗舰酒)维持其国际声名,同时下面发展出一系列中档葡萄酒已占领市场。还有一些非常小的酒厂,他们只生产一种品质极高的葡萄酒,而且产量极低,这种仅仅生产Cult Wine的酒厂有:Three River, Duck Muck等。

  目前看来,澳大利亚葡萄酒有非常好的发展潜力,但是主要的问题是:目前很多葡萄酒厂的葡萄园是近10年来种植的,还比较年轻。而且很多葡萄酒厂是用大机器生产,是用纯手工生产高档酒的还是少数,因此多数葡萄酒在国际上仅仅是处于中档和中高档水平,为此,如果让众多酒厂的产品与法国很多具有悠久历史的酒庄相比,在传统和文化上还有一些缺憾。

  产地

  澳大利亚的葡萄酒产地规定与美国类似,只规定了葡萄酒产地的地理位置,而没有像旧世界国家那样,对于原产地名号监控制度有很多的规定。澳大利亚葡萄酒产区有类似美国AVA制度的产区地理标识,在酒标上标注了葡萄酒产区(这些产区必须是澳大利亚产区地理表示规定的),那么酿造这种酒的葡萄要有85%来自该产区。

  这些产区地理标识分成不同的级别:其中超级地区:西南澳大利亚(Southwest Australia)包括为多利利亚,新南威尔士,塔斯马尼亚,另外还有南澳和昆士兰的南部地区。也就是说这个名字包括了绝大部分的葡萄酒产区,它也是葡萄酒标上经常被看到的名字。第二个级别是州:有新南威尔士,维多利亚,南澳,西澳,塔斯马尼亚。下面就是大区,地区和子地区.很多葡萄品种要与不同的产区联系起来,在澳大利亚有些产区的某些品种比其它的品种更有声望。Cabernet Sauvignon在新南威尔士的Hunter Valley和南澳的Coonawarra具有更高的质量,而Shiraz在炎热的Barossa Valley体现出典型的澳大利亚特点,而相对寒冷一些的Yarra Valley非常适合Riesling和Pinot Noir的生长,西澳地区以Chardonnay闻名。

  年份

  相对稳定的气候条件和新世界的酿酒方式让葡萄酒的年份成为最后考虑的问题,如果能够找到质量信得过的厂家和自己喜欢的葡萄品种及产区,不同的年份都不会让大家太过失望。并非年份不重要,但是它是最后需要考虑的问题。

  澳大利亚的四大葡萄酒产区

  近年来,澳洲葡萄酒以其优良的品质和合理的价格受到了世界各地众多消费者的喜爱。澳洲葡萄酒分为四大产区,分别是南澳、新南威尔士、维多利亚(包括塔斯尼亚岛)、西澳。其产量比依次为8:4:2:1。四大产区的葡萄酒各有特色,质量均堪称世界水平。南澳以得天独厚的优良环境成为澳洲最重要的葡萄酒产区。大部分的葡萄园集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近区域。以南则有库纳瓦雷、百威、巴罗沙谷和克雷谷等知名产区。

  新南威尔士是澳大利亚最早的葡萄种植地,许多著名酒厂聚集在这里。主要分为3个产区:猎人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和浓郁的雪华沙(Shirze)红葡萄酒闻名全球,另外,以雪华沙和苏维翁混合酿制的红葡萄酒酒精浓度高,口感浑厚饱满,最具特色。墨基以简单明快为特色。瑞弗瑞那是新南威尔士最大的产区,主要生产价廉物美的日常餐酒。

  维多利亚的葡萄酒具有多类型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒闻名,东北部除了甜酒外,还出产色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪华沙(Shirze)和苏维翁(Sauvignon)红葡萄酒。

  西澳以位于伯斯(Perth)以北的天鹅谷最负盛名,主要出产白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方气候较温和,是西澳最具发展前景的产区。最南端的产区因属大陆性气候,因此丽丝玲(Rhein Riesling)有着特有的香气和酸度。

澳洲葡萄酒分布

  澳大利亚全国共分为七个州,分别是北领地、南澳、西澳、新南威尔士、维多利亚、昆士兰和塔斯马尼亚岛(省)。澳大利亚的北部纬度低,是热带雨林区,内陆是沙漠和莽原,气候炎热干燥,都不适合葡萄的生长,所以葡萄酒产区主要集中在东南部,包括维多利亚(Victoria)、新南威尔士(New South Wales)、南澳大利亚(South Australia)和塔斯马尼亚岛(Tasmania)。另外西澳大利亚也有少量的葡萄园。

  澳大利亚的葡萄酒之所以有如此的盛名,是因为其特有的优良土地和许多世界级杰出优秀的酿酒师,再加上世界上最严格的管理和生产过程,以及澳洲人特有的简单,纯朴,憨厚,不视金钱为唯一目的,而把信用和快乐生活视为第一追求的环境下,酿造出来的质优价廉的世界级美酒。

  以上这些也是同时包括中国在内的许多葡萄酒专家和行业权威人仕的共同一致强烈的看法,同时他们更认为同等级和同价格的澳洲酒,一定要比其它产地的同等级和同价格的葡萄酒的质量要高出许多,这个事实也是每一位会品酒人仕的共同认为。这也就是我们为什么想强烈推广澳大利亚葡萄酒的原因。

  近年来,澳洲葡萄酒以其优良的品质和合理的价格受到了世界各地众多消费者的喜爱。澳洲葡萄酒分为四大产区,分别是南澳、新南威尔士、维多利亚(包括塔斯尼亚岛)、西澳。其产量比依次为8:4:2:1。四大产区的葡萄酒各有特色,质量均堪称世界水平。南澳以得天独厚的优良环境成为澳洲最重要的葡萄酒产区。大部分的葡萄园集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近区域。

  以南则有库纳瓦雷、百威、巴罗沙谷和克雷谷等知名产区。新南威尔士是澳大利亚最早的葡萄种植地,许多著名酒厂聚集在这里。主要分为3个产区:猎人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和浓郁的雪华沙(Shirze)红葡萄酒闻名全球,另外,以雪华沙和苏维翁混合酿制的红葡萄酒酒精浓度高,口感浑厚饱满,最具特色。墨基以简单明快为特色。

  瑞弗瑞那是新南威尔士最大的产区,主要生产价廉物美的日常餐酒。维多利亚的葡萄酒具有多种类型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒闻名,东北部除了甜酒外,还出产色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪华沙(Shirze)和苏维翁(Sauvignon)红葡萄酒。西澳以位于伯斯(Perth)以北的天鹅谷最负盛名,主要出产白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方气候较温和,是西澳最具发展前景的产区。最南端的产区因属大陆性气候,因此丽丝玲(Rhein Riesling)有着特有的香气和酸度。

  澳大利亚葡萄酒

  澳大利亚葡萄酒算是葡萄酒新世界的代表之一,基本上来说,要认识澳大利亚葡萄酒总比旧世界的葡萄酒如我们已经介绍过的法国和意大利从各个方面都要简单一些。就拿葡萄酒的标签来说就最明显,看准4个要点就能猜个八九不离十而不需要想看旧世界的酒标那样,要记住那么多的产区和名号。

  品种:

  在所有新世界葡萄酒酒标上,最关键的部分就是品种,对澳大利亚酒来说也是一样的。按照澳大利亚葡萄酒的法律规定,如果在酒标上标注葡萄品种,则这瓶酒里需要有85%是由该品种酿造的,如果葡萄酒里面混合的品种每一种都不到85%,那么就要标注出所有主要的葡萄品种,而标在前面的品种要比标在后面的含量多。比如:

  Penfolds “Bin 389” Cabernet Shiraz,就是用Cabernet Sauvignon和Shiraz两种葡萄品种,而且Cabernet Sauvignon所占的比例要比Shiraz高。

  目前在澳大利亚种植的葡萄品种主要是国际上比较流行的葡萄品种:Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Grenache, Mouvedre, Chardonnay, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat。其中值得一提的是Shiraz为澳大利亚葡萄酒赢得了国际声誉,一提大利亚葡萄酒,很多人脑子里想到的第一个字就是Shiraz。一些小酒厂也在种植和酿造一些不常见的葡萄品种,如:Verdelho, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne,这些小品种的葡萄酒丰富了澳大利亚葡萄酒的风格和口味。

澳洲十大葡萄酒產區Barossa Valley, South Australia 巴羅莎谷,南澳州巴羅莎谷生產色拉子(Shiraz)而出名,她是澳洲著名葡萄酒的發源地。位於南澳州首府阿德雷德市的東北部約一小時車程,山谷擁有連綿的山脈,肥沃的土壤,加上地中海氣候,使其生產出豐滿的紅酒和精緻的白葡萄酒,品種包括賽蜜蓉(Semillon)和莎當妮(Chardonnay)。巴羅莎谷起初由德國農夫Luthern在1830年建立,現今在已有超過50個葡萄園和門市店(Celler Door),包括小家庭企業和國家公司。 Clare Valley克萊爾谷克萊爾谷被認為是南澳洲最獨特的地區之一。她以“澳大利亞雷司令(Riesling)的故鄉”而聞名,這主要是因為克萊爾谷長期不斷出產高質量的葡萄酒贏得很多國際忠實消費者。克萊爾穀不僅僅是雷司令出名,她也生產赤霞珠和施赫葡萄酒,在山谷的不同葡萄由於地點,土壤和海拔的不同,生產出來的口感和風格也大不相同。克萊爾谷葡萄產區是在1840年被英國,愛爾蘭,和波蘭人建立的,他們一來到這裡就開始種植葡萄樹。今天來這裡參觀的人能享受到最熱門的威士蓮接著山谷中許多的小鎮。 Coonawarra古納華拉隱藏在古納華拉葡萄主區的寶藏是其寶貴的石灰石層地形和在其下的豐富的紅土。這兩者加起來生產出的赤霞珠葡萄是使所有世界其他葡萄產區所羨慕不已的。由蘇格蘭人John Riddoch在一個世紀前建立,古納華拉出產的葡萄酒具有強烈而又經典的果香,贏得不少美譽。大多數古納華拉赤霞珠葡萄酒成熟期差不多須要十年。但這不是這地區僅有的著名品種。其他品種施赫,梅洛,莎當妮,蘇維翁白等都獲得很多獎項。 Heathcote希恩科特希恩科特以生產典雅和復雜的葡萄酒,是施赫葡萄發展迅速的區域。位於維多利亞的希恩科特受到駱駝山產生的寒冷氣候影響,在葡萄成長期十月到三月時特別的寒冷,使其生產的葡萄也特別的優良。  希恩科特的赤霞珠也另有風味。此外,意大利品種聖祖維斯(Sangiovese)和利比奧奴(Nebbiolo)也被移植到次區域,也提高次區域知名度。香味濃郁的白葡萄酒如雷司令(Riesling),維利奧爾(Viognier)和灰皮諾(Pinot Grigio),展現了一種強烈而高雅,果香濃郁的地區風格。 Hunter Valley獵人谷獵人谷是澳大利亞最古老的葡萄產區,很早期獵人谷的葡萄酒業已經繁榮發展,現今從悉尼到獵人谷途中已有超過80個葡萄莊園和門市店(Celler Door)。施赫,維特內(Verdelho),莎當妮但沒有其他地區象獵人谷一樣與賽蜜蓉(Semillon)關係密切。 Mclaren Vale麥拿崙谷澳大利亞巴羅莎谷和麥拿崙谷每年都要為爭奪“澳大利亞最好的施赫”這一殊榮而展開競賽。麥拿崙谷在阿德萊德南部,被眾多的草原和果園包圍。她肥沃的土壤和來自聖文森特深谷的水源使當地能夠生產出味道醇厚的紅葡萄酒和口感強勁卻又均衡的白葡萄酒。雖然在20年前此地區在葡萄釀造業上還是默默無聞,但現今已擁有超過50個葡萄園和門市店(Celler Door)。麥拿崙谷具領導地位的紅葡萄品種是施赫,赤霞珠,幹拿斯和梅洛,白葡萄品種有莎當妮,白蘇維翁,賽蜜蓉和雷司令。 Margaret River瑪格麗河在過去十年間,瑪格麗河不知不覺的成為了著名的優質葡萄酒生產地。雖然當地釀造各種經典的品種,瑪格麗河釀酒師還是致力發展具地區特色的赤霞珠。當地秀麗的沿海風光和美味食物所引發的旅遊業,和其出產的獨特的施赫和維特內(Verdelho)是相得益彰,互相輝映。 Mudgee馬奇坐落在新南威爾士州藍色山脈的深處,馬奇又是澳大利亞葡萄酒釀造業歷史上的另一輝煌。在19世紀60年代,德國的移民就開始了商業性的種植,但現代葡萄酒的釀造還是始於20世紀70年代。很多國家公司已經在當地設立商店,以提供品種多樣的精品葡萄酒。口感強列,味道醇厚的赤霞珠具有復雜的香味,而且存放時間持久,一直是本地區代表。而莎當妮則在馬奇地區最受歡迎和被高度認同的白葡萄酒。 Tasmania塔斯馬尼亞島相對於澳大利亞其他的地區而言,塔斯馬尼亞島的葡萄栽植歷史還比較短。有些地區在19世紀就開始了種植葡萄,但塔島一直到了20世紀70年代才由Pipers Brook開始葡萄種植。塔島是以其引人入勝的風景而出名,現在已有超過60個葡萄園,其中大部分都是只有幾公頃的小規模種植園。塔島寒冷的海洋性氣候使它生產出來的葡萄酒口感一流,並帶有極佳的天然的酸性。其特別的品種包括了黑皮諾(Pinot Noir)氣酒和紅酒,莎當妮,雷司令,灰皮諾(Pinot Grigio),赤霞珠和佛朗(Cabernet Franc)混合的葡萄酒。 Yarra Valley亞拉谷亞拉谷是維多利亞州最古老的產酒區,她被譽為世界上最佳的寒冷氣候的葡萄酒生產區域之一。她的特產是黑皮謹和莎當妮。但她獨特精美的施赫和赤霞珠也受到品酒師的青睞。莎當妮是亞拉穀種植得最廣泛的白葡萄品種,其風格多異-從口感複雜的橡木風格到高貴拘謹的風格,莎當妮的釀造一直都是遵循傳統的釀酒工藝。其他在亞拉穀種植的白葡萄品種包括白蘇維翁,她時常會與賽密蓉,特濃查蔓娜Gew urztraminer和馬珊(Marsanne)混合的葡萄酒。澳洲葡萄酒分佈一,澳洲葡萄酒分佈澳大利亞全國共分為七個州,分別是北領地、南澳、西澳、新南威爾士、維多利亞、昆士蘭和塔斯馬尼亞島(省)。澳大利亞的北部緯度低,是熱帶雨林區,內陸是沙漠和莽原,氣候炎熱乾燥,都不適合葡萄的生長,所以葡萄酒產區主要集中在東南部,包括維多利亞(Victoria)、新南威爾士(New South Wales)、南澳大利亞(South Australia)和塔斯馬尼亞島(Tasmania)。另外西澳大利亞也有少量的葡萄園。澳大利亞的葡萄酒之所以有如此的盛名,是因為其特有的優良土地和許多世界級傑出優秀的釀酒師,再加上世界上最嚴格的管理和生產過程,以及澳洲人特有的簡單,純樸,憨厚,不視金錢為唯一目的,而把信用和快樂生活視為第一追求的環境下,釀造出來的質優價廉的世界級美酒。以上這些也是同時包括中國在內的許多葡萄酒專家和行業權威人仕的共同一致強烈的看法,同時他們更認為同等級和同價格的澳洲酒,一定要比其它產地的同等級和同價格的葡萄酒的質量要高出許多,這個事實也是每一位會品酒人仕的共同認為。這也就是我們為什麼想強烈推廣澳大利亞葡萄酒的原因。近年來,澳洲葡萄酒以其優良的品質和合理的價格受到了世界各地眾多消費者的喜愛。澳洲葡萄酒分為四大產區,分別是南澳、新南威爾士、維多利亞(包括塔斯尼亞島)、西澳。其產量比依次為8:4:2:1。四大產區的葡萄酒各有特色,質量均堪稱世界水平。南澳以得天獨厚的優良環境成為澳洲最重要的葡萄酒產區。大部分的葡萄園集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近區域。以南則有庫納瓦雷、百威、巴羅沙谷和克雷谷等知名產區。新南威爾士是澳大利亞最早的葡萄種植地,許多著名酒廠聚集在這裡。主要分為3個產區:獵人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和濃郁的雪華沙(Shirze)紅葡萄酒聞名全球,另外,以雪華沙和蘇維翁混合釀製的紅葡萄酒酒精濃度高,口感渾厚飽滿,最具特色。墨基以簡單明快為特色。瑞弗瑞那是新南威爾士最大的產區,主要生產價廉物美的日常餐酒。維多利亞的葡萄酒具有多種類型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒聞名,東北部除了甜酒外,還出產色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪華沙(Shirze)和蘇維翁(Sauvignon)紅葡萄酒。西澳以位於伯斯(Perth)以北的天鵝谷最負盛名,主要出產白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方氣候較溫和,是西澳最具發展前景的產區。最南端的產區因屬大陸性氣候,因此麗絲玲(Rhein Riesling)有著特有的香氣和酸度。二,認識澳大利亞葡萄酒澳大利亞葡萄酒算是葡萄酒新世界的代表之一,基本上來說,要認識澳大利亞葡萄酒總比舊世界的葡萄酒如我們已經介紹過的法國和意大利從各個方面都要簡單一些。就拿葡萄酒的標籤來說就最明顯,看準4個要點就能猜個八九不離十而不需要想看舊世界的酒標那樣,要記住那麼多的產區和名號。  1.品種:   在所有新世界葡萄酒酒標上,最關鍵的部分就是品種,對澳大利亞酒來說也是一樣的。按照澳大利亞葡萄酒的法律規定,如果在酒標上標註葡萄品種,則這瓶酒裡需要有85%是由該品種釀造的,如果葡萄酒裡面混合的品種每一種都不到85%,那麼就要標註出所有主要的葡萄品種,而標在前面的品種要比標在後面的含量多。比如:   Penfolds “Bin 389” Cabernet Shiraz,就是用Cabernet Sauvignon和Shiraz兩種葡萄品種,而且Cabernet Sauvignon所佔的比例要比Shiraz高。目前在澳大利亞種植的葡萄品種主要是國際上比較流行的葡萄品種:Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Grenache, Mouvedre, Chardonnay, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat。其中值得一提的是Shiraz為澳大利亞葡萄酒贏得了國際聲譽,一提大利亞葡萄酒,很多人腦子裡想到的第一個字就是Shiraz。一些小酒廠也在種植和釀造一些不常見的葡萄品種,如:Verdelho, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne,這些小品種的葡萄酒豐富了澳大利亞葡萄酒的風格和口味。  2.生產廠家澳大利亞有大概9000個酒廠,他們根據自己的定位而有著不同的質量和風格,比如有一寫就嘗專門專門針對低檔市場,生產所謂超市酒,比如:Lindemans,他們生產質量穩定,價格低廉的低檔葡萄酒。有些針對中檔葡萄酒市場,如:Rosemont,他們生產質量較高但是價格相對比較合理的葡萄酒。另外有一些針對高檔市場,比如:   Penfolds, Henschke,昇昌具有極高質量和國際聲望的葡萄酒,但是其價格也非常昂貴,當讓這些高岡酒廠也不會只生產一種高檔酒,而是以一種高檔酒(旗艦酒)維持其國際聲名,同時下面發展出一系列中檔葡萄酒已佔領市場。還有一些非常小的酒廠,他們只生產一種品質極高的葡萄酒,而且產量極低,這種僅僅生產Cult Wine的酒廠有:Three River, Duck Muck等。目前看來,澳大利亞葡萄酒有非常好的發展潛力,但是主要的問題是:目前很多葡萄酒廠的葡萄園是近10年來種植的,還比較年輕。而且很多葡萄酒廠是用大機器生產,是用純手工生產高檔酒的還是少數,因此多數葡萄酒在國際上僅僅是處於中檔和中高檔水平,為此,如果讓眾多酒廠的產品與法國很多具有悠久歷史的酒莊相比,在傳統和文化上還有一些缺憾。  3.產地澳大利亞的葡萄酒產地規定與美國類似,只規定了葡萄酒產地的地理位置,而沒有像舊世界國家那樣,對於原產地名號**制度有很多的規定。澳大利亞葡萄酒產區有類似美國AVA制度的產區地理標識,在酒標上標註了葡萄酒產區(這些產區必須是澳大利亞產區地理表示規定的),那麼釀造這種酒的葡萄要有85%來自該產區。這些產區地理標識分成不同的級別:其中超級地區:西南澳大利亞(Southwest Australia)包括為多利利亞,新南威爾士,塔斯馬尼亞,另外還有南澳和昆士蘭的南部地區。也就是說這個名字包括了絕大部分的葡萄酒產區,它也是葡萄酒標上經常被看到的名字。第二個級別是州:有新南威爾士,維多利亞,南澳,西澳,塔斯馬尼亞。下面就是大區,地區和子地區.很多葡萄品種要與不同的產區聯繫起來,在澳大利亞有些產區的某些品種比其它的品種更有聲望。 Cabernet Sauvignon在新南威爾士的Hunter Valley和南澳的Coonawarra具有更高的質量,而Shiraz在炎熱的Barossa Valley體現出典型的澳大利亞特點,而相對寒冷一些的Yarra Valley非常適合Riesling和Pinot Noir的生長,西澳地區以Chardonnay聞名。  4.年份相對穩定的氣候條件和新世界的釀酒方式讓葡萄酒的年份成為最後考慮的問題,如果能夠找到質量信得過的廠家和自己喜歡的葡萄品種及產區,不同的年份都不會讓大家太過失望。並非年份不重要,但是它是最後需要考慮的問題。三,澳大利亞的四大葡萄酒產區近年來,澳洲葡萄酒以其優良的品質和合理的價格受到了世界各地眾多消費者的喜愛。澳洲葡萄酒分為四大產區,分別是南澳、新南威爾士、維多利亞(包括塔斯尼亞島)、西澳。其產量比依次為8:4:2:1。四大產區的葡萄酒各有特色,質量均堪稱世界水平。南澳以得天獨厚的優良環境成為澳洲最重要的葡萄酒產區。大部分的葡萄園集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近區域。以南則有庫納瓦雷、百威、巴羅沙谷和克雷谷等知名產區。新南威爾士是澳大利亞最早的葡萄種植地,許多著名酒廠聚集在這裡。主要分為3個產區:獵人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和濃郁的雪華沙(Shirze)紅葡萄酒聞名全球,另外,以雪華沙和蘇維翁混合釀製的紅葡萄酒酒精濃度高,口感渾厚飽滿,最具特色。墨基以簡單明快為特色。瑞弗瑞那是新南威爾士最大的產區,主要生產價廉物美的日常餐酒。維多利亞的葡萄酒具有多類型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒聞名,東北部除了甜酒外,還出產色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪華沙(Shirze)和蘇維翁(Sauvignon)紅葡萄酒。西澳以位於伯斯(Perth)以北的天鵝谷最負盛名,主要出產白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方氣候較溫和,是西澳最具發展前景的產區。最南端的產區因屬大陸性氣候,因此麗絲玲(Rhein Riesling)有著特有的香氣和酸度。 [1]澳大利亞葡萄酒酒標澳大利亞葡萄酒酒標1.酒莊、商標(Winery/Trade Mark)   2.年份(Vintage)   年份是指「葡萄收成」的年份,法規並沒有強制標示。但若標示年份,至少85%的葡萄是採用該年份收成的葡萄。 3.酒款系列(The Range)   4.葡萄品種(Grape Varieties)   澳洲法規並沒有限制可以釀製葡萄酒的品種,也沒有強制標示葡萄品種。但若要標示則必須遵循規定:   (1)標示單一葡萄品種。至少85%的葡萄是採用該葡萄品種。 (2)如為blend,至多標示5個品種,標示的品種要超過整體95%,單一品種至少5%。 (3)或至多標示3個品種,總標示品種要超過85%,單一品種至少20%。範例A 90%的Cabernet和5%的Merlot   符合規則(1)和(2),則可選擇標示Cabernet或Cabernet Merlot皆可。範例B 70%的Shiraz、16%的Cabernet和14%的Merlot   符合規則(2),則可標示Shiraz Cabernet Merlot。範例C 60%的Cabernet和25%的Merlot   符合規則(3),則可標示Cabernet Merlot。 5.葡萄產區(Geographical Indication)   採用葡萄的產區,法規並沒有強制標示,也不必為酒莊所在地。但若為blend要標示時,可選擇標示省份/區域(State/Zones)如South Australia/Limestone Coast、產區(regions)如Coonawarra、副產區(Sub-regions)。  (1)標示單一葡萄產區。至少85%的葡萄是採用該葡萄產區。 (2)如果為blend,至多標示3個葡萄產區,標示的產區超過整體的95%,其中單一產區至少含5%。舉例來說,75% Clare 15% Barossa 5% McLaren Vale,則可標示South Australia、South Eastern Australia或Clare Barossa McLaren Vale。 6.容量(Volume)   澳洲法規強制標示於酒瓶正面,字體高度至少要3.3mm。 7.產國(Country of Origin)   澳洲法規強制標示Produce of Australia或Australian Wine。另外澳洲法規還強制標示:   酒精濃度(Alcohol Content)   Standard Drinks 〈1standard drink=10克酒精)   計算方式為=容量X酒精濃度X 0.789   過敏原聲明(Allergens Declaration)   a. Preservative (220)二氧化硫(sulphur dioxide )超過10mg/kg。 b.澄清媒介(fining agent)如蛋白、牛奶、魚膠。 c.非葡萄產生之丹寧酸如栗子、堅果。

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George Chen ( http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com Millionaire,Millionaires To Be blonde Billionaire,blonde Billionaires ; blonde Millionnaire,blonde Millionnaires To Be Billionnaire,Billionnaires )
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我處買賣美國羅賓遜直升機公司的直升飛機。目前銷售的是R22、R44、R66三種)。
我處銷售美國羅賓遜直升飛機公司的直升機。目前銷售的是R22、R44、R66三種)。
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您們好:歡迎購買我集團公司銷售的R22羅賓遜直升機,價格:USD550,000;羅賓遜R44,直升飛機,價錢:USD790,000;電話(或者,短信),0086-13901623260 ; http://www .helicoptersbuyers.com; CEO , George Chen,西科斯基,二個座位,直升機,價款:RMB4,800,000+配置費RMB600,000;西科斯基,三個座位,直升飛機,買賣價格:RMB5, 300,000+600,000配置費;西科斯基,四個座位,直升機,價錢:RMB10,000,000+配置費600,000;電話(或者,短信),0086-13901623260 ;
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專用直升機價格;直升飛機價錢;電話(或者,短信),0086-13901623260 ; http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com; CEO , George Chen,
您們好:歡迎購買我集團公司銷售的R22羅賓遜直升機,價格:USD550,000;羅賓遜R44,直升飛機,價錢:USD790,000;電話(或者,短信),0086-13901623260 ; http://www .helicoptersbuyers.com; CEO , George Chen,西科斯基,二個座位,直升機,價款:RMB4,800,000+配置費RMB600,000;西科斯基,三個座位,直升飛機,買賣價格:RMB5, 300,000+600,000配置費;西科斯基,四個座位,直升機,價錢:RMB10,000,000+配置費600,000;電話(或者,短信),0086-13901623260 ; http://www.helicoptersbuyers. com; CEO , George Chen,獎品:在買主飛機款打入我集團公司銀行帳號內以後,我處給予一套上海商品房(五年後,辦理過戶手續);
本公司漢語簡稱譯文名稱是:(英聯邦)金發小姐*陳氏(買賣)直升機帝國集團公司,或者說,(英聯邦)金發姑娘*陳氏直升飛機帝國(營銷)集團公司,或者說, (英聯邦)金發女孩*陳氏(銷售)直升機帝國集團公司;E-MAIL: CHENSIHONG1961@126 .COM ; GEORGE13901623260@163.COM ; CHENSIHONG1961@GMAIL.COM ; GEORGECHEN13901623260@HOTMAIL.COM ;
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緊急徵聘相關人才/人材,資本,技術,設備,頭腦,體力人員. . .以尋求解決墨西哥灣的漏油事故—海上石油滲漏嚴重危害人類生存及破壞地球環境問題之策;電話(或者,短信),0086-13901623260 ; http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com; CEO , George Chen
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http://www.helicoptersbuyers. com; CEO , George Chen,獎品:在買主飛機款打入我集團公司銀行帳號內以後,我處給予一套上海商品房(五年後,辦理過戶手續);
本公司漢語譯文名稱,簡稱是:(英聯邦)金發小姐*陳氏(買賣)直升機帝國集團公司,或者說,(英聯邦)金發女孩*陳氏直升飛機帝國(營銷)集團公司,或者說,(英聯邦)金發姑娘*陳氏直升飛機帝國(銷售)集團公司;E-MAIL: CHENSIHONG1961@126 .COM ; GEORGE13901623260@163.COM ; CHENSIHONG1961@GMAIL.COM ; GEORGECHEN13901623260@HOTMAIL.COM ;
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電話(或者,短信),0086-13901623260 ; http://www.helicoptersbuyers.com; CEO , George Chen
注:英語由谷歌自動翻譯,謝謝

澳大利亞紅酒有名氣的品牌有哪些?每個州都不同!

出名的集中在西澳洲、南澳洲、新南威爾士洲、維多利亞洲
西澳洲的perth Hill和Margaret River都是很出名的產區

品牌:perth Hill有個西奧莊園,是幾家五星級酒莊組成的,威士蘭吉莊園和美布魯克莊園。 Margaret River有家五星級酒莊:西岸叢林莊園

南澳Brossa Valley產的酒,最香醇

澳洲的葡萄酒,卡里奧的,南澳巴羅莎產區

澳洲九大著名葡萄酒廠排名

1. Wolf Blass
30多年來,Wolf Blass酒廠一直出產著一些澳大利亞最好的葡萄酒,並從1966年起開始在各項國際葡萄酒賽事上贏得3000多個獎項。 1992年在國際葡萄酒和烈酒大賽上它被授予年度國際葡萄酒酒商的獎杯;2001年,在同一賽事中摘得最佳澳大利亞生產商的頭銜。

2. Penfolds
160多年期間,Penfolds一直是傑出的葡萄酒生產商。它對品質的執著追求、對生產出優質葡萄酒的責任感,已經演變成了一種傳統,對整個澳大利亞的葡萄酒業產生極大影響並得到全世界的認可。 Penfolds能夠從不同葡萄園裡獲取優質葡萄,包括一些南澳最好和最古老的葡萄園。

3. Orlando
Orlando釀製葡萄酒的過程是從葡萄園開始的,使用由Orlando自己和他龐大的精英種植團隊所培育出來的葡萄,這些葡萄主要生長在澳洲著名的葡萄產地如:Barossa Valley, McLaren Vale, Eden Valley , Coonawarra, Padthaway 以及Langhorne Creek等。

4. Seppelt
自1851年以來,Seppelt酒屋就已經建立起了創新優質型澳大利亞葡萄酒的聲譽。 Seppelt的葡萄酒包括從起泡酒到獲獎的紅酒、白葡萄酒和強化酒等一系列產品;在每個場合都會有一款合適的Seppelt葡萄酒。

5. Peter Lehmann Wines
Peter Lehmann Wines是澳大利亞最受尊敬和最具創新性的酒廠之一,生產出令全球葡萄酒愛好者感到愉悅的葡萄酒。他在南澳地區國際知名Barossa Valley的中心地帶Tanunda附近進行釀造活動。 2003年起成為旗下擁有四家大型酒廠的Hess集團的成員。

6. Yalumba
Yalumba葡萄酒都有自己的風格;每種風格都受到多樣化因素的影響。 Yalumba酒廠將之稱為“可控性因素”,比如Yalumba葡萄苗圃和實地製桶工廠,這些都是任何其它一家酒廠都無法效仿的。 Yalumba酒廠的歷史和傳統再加上創新使其在澳大利亞葡萄業舉足輕重。

7. Wynns Wines
今天Wynns Coonawarra莊園是Coonawarra卓越的葡萄酒生產商,擁有著當地最好而且是最古老的葡萄園的最大份額。紅色石灰土壤和涼爽的氣候是葡萄的風味集中而產量較低;釀成的葡萄酒被視為澳大利亞最好的葡萄酒之一,因為其酒體豐滿、保持長久而為人熟知。

8. Rosemount Estate
在短短30多年,Rosemount Estate已將自己建設成為澳大利亞葡萄酒業的領軍人物,生產出一系列反映了澳大利亞豐富氣候特徵的優質葡萄酒。在過去幾年間,Rosemount Estate有了很多的改變,但其對品質的承諾始終未變。這點對世界知名Rosemount Estate的進步和成功來講至關重要。

9. Krondorf Winery
作為南澳較為古老、傳統的釀酒廠之一,Krondorf酒廠的歷史豐富多彩。他是由來到這裡的先驅家族之一建立的;但一直到二十世紀七十年代早期由Grant Burge 和Ian Wilson接管的時候才被命名為Krondorf。隨著不斷出產優質葡萄酒、進行有效推廣,Krondorf酒廠聲譽鵲起;銷量也不斷增加。 1983年,酒廠上市;兩年後被Mildara收購。 Burge 和Wilson留在酒廠繼續著他們的神話,這個神話在他們憑藉1979年份McLaren Vale, Barossa 和Coonawarra的赤霞珠葡萄酒贏得1980年紀念獎杯Jimmy Watson而得到鞏固。 Krondorf一直是一個值得信任的葡萄酒品牌。

澳大利亞葡萄酒分級

最佳答案

葡萄酒的等級分類

按照歐盟的有關規定,葡萄酒被分為兩大類:
普級餐酒
特定產區的優質酒(簡稱VQPRD)
在法國,這兩類酒各自分為兩小類:
●普級餐酒可以再分成:
本義上的普級餐酒(vins de table)
地區餐酒(vins de pays)
●在特定產區優質酒中,可再分為:
優良地區餐酒(VDQS)
法定產區葡萄酒(AOC)

普級餐酒
只要這些酒原產地是法國,不論是用來自同一地區還是幾個產區的酒調配而成的,都可稱為“法國普級餐酒”。如果是由源於歐盟不同國家的酒調配而成,則被稱為“來自歐盟不同國家的調配酒”。調配歐盟以外國家的葡萄酒是禁止的。這種酒並不需要特殊允許,但是,它需符合歐盟有關章程所規定的最低的生產要求。在通常的情況下,這些普級餐酒以某個牌子在市場上銷售。

地區餐酒
這些是由於產地來源不同而個性化的普級餐酒。一種地區餐酒必須產自於它所標示其名的那個產區。它必須符合由法令所規定的嚴格的產品條件,譬如,每公頃最高產量、最低酒精度、葡萄品種以及嚴格的分析標準。
地區餐酒有三種等級:
-省命名的地區餐酒
-地區命名的地區餐酒
-大區命名的地區餐酒
這些酒都要經過特別准許的手續,並且要經過成份分析和感官品嚐檢驗,由國家葡萄酒行業管理局(ONIVINS)正式核准。

優良地區餐酒
這些酒的生產由全國法定產區名稱管理局(INAO)嚴格規定和核准。這一規定還考慮到由有關葡萄酒生產工會授予標籤的問題。這些酒必須符合由法令所規定的某些條件:原產地區,葡萄品種,最低酒精含量,最高產量,種植技術,分析標準以及感官品嚐檢驗。優良地區餐酒構成了連接地區餐酒和法定產區葡萄酒的中間環節。

法定產區葡萄酒
這些酒必須滿足由全國法定產區名稱管理局所規定並由法令正式宣布的所有生產條件。法定產區葡萄酒建立在尊重“地方的、忠誠和不變的習俗”的基礎之上,它們都產自那些最享有盛名的地區。這些酒的生產規定比優良地區餐酒還要嚴格,包括以下這些標準:原產地區,最高限產量,葡萄品種,最低酒精含量,種植方法,分析標準,有時甚至還要加上老化成熟的條件。所有這些稱之為法定產區葡萄酒都要經過分析和品嚐檢驗。它們要經由全國法定產區名稱管理局正式批准。

葡萄酒業界(從侍酒師、餐飲業從業人員到撰稿人、培訓師、零售商、餐廳、進口商和分銷商)澳大利亞葡萄酒以及澳大利亞葡萄酒

澳大利亞知名葡萄酒品牌及葡萄酒產區,包括奔富(Penfolds),杰卡斯(Jacob’s Creek),哈迪(Hardys)及維多利亞州葡萄酒產區。

世界100多個葡萄酒供應商的超過1200款葡萄酒。

澳大利亞極品葡萄酒

  生產廠家

澳大利亞有大概9000個酒廠,他們根據自己的定位而有著不同的質量和風格,比如有一寫就嘗專門專門針對低檔市場,生產所謂超市酒,比如:Lindemans,他們生產質量穩定,價格低廉的低檔葡萄酒。有些針對中檔葡萄酒市場,如:Rosemont,他們生產質量較高但是價格相對比較合理的葡萄酒。另外有一些針對高檔市場,比如:Penfolds, Henschke,昇昌具有極高質量和國際聲望的葡萄酒,但是其價格也非常昂貴,當讓這些高岡酒廠也不會只生產一種高檔酒,而是以一種高檔酒(旗艦酒)維持其國際聲名,同時下面發展出一系列中檔葡萄酒已佔領市場。還有一些非常小的酒廠,他們只生產一種品質極高的葡萄酒,而且產量極低,這種僅僅生產Cult Wine的酒廠有:Three River, Duck Muck等。

目前看來,澳大利亞葡萄酒有非常好的發展潛力,但是主要的問題是:目前很多葡萄酒廠的葡萄園是近10年來種植的,還比較年輕。而且很多葡萄酒廠是用大機器生產,是用純手工生產高檔酒的還是少數,因此多數葡萄酒在國際上僅僅是處於中檔和中高檔水平,為此,如果讓眾多酒廠的產品與法國很多具有悠久歷史的酒莊相比,在傳統和文化上還有一些缺憾。

  產地

澳大利亞的葡萄酒產地規定與美國類似,只規定了葡萄酒產地的地理位置,而沒有像舊世界國家那樣,對於原產地名號監控制度有很多的規定。澳大利亞葡萄酒產區有類似美國AVA制度的產區地理標識,在酒標上標註了葡萄酒產區(這些產區必須是澳大利亞產區地理表示規定的),那麼釀造這種酒的葡萄要有85%來自該產區。

這些產區地理標識分成不同的級別:其中超級地區:西南澳大利亞(Southwest Australia)包括為多利利亞,新南威爾士,塔斯馬尼亞,另外還有南澳和昆士蘭的南部地區。也就是說這個名字包括了絕大部分的葡萄酒產區,它也是葡萄酒標上經常被看到的名字。第二個級別是州:有新南威爾士,維多利亞,南澳,西澳,塔斯馬尼亞。下面就是大區,地區和子地區.很多葡萄品種要與不同的產區聯繫起來,在澳大利亞有些產區的某些品種比其它的品種更有聲望。 Cabernet Sauvignon在新南威爾士的Hunter Valley和南澳的Coonawarra具有更高的質量,而Shiraz在炎熱的Barossa Valley體現出典型的澳大利亞特點,而相對寒冷一些的Yarra Valley非常適合Riesling和Pinot Noir的生長,西澳地區以Chardonnay聞名。

  年份

相對穩定的氣候條件和新世界的釀酒方式讓葡萄酒的年份成為最後考慮的問題,如果能夠找到質量信得過的廠家和自己喜歡的葡萄品種及產區,不同的年份都不會讓大家太過失望。並非年份不重要,但是它是最後需要考慮的問題。

  澳大利亞的四大葡萄酒產區

近年來,澳洲葡萄酒以其優良的品質和合理的價格受到了世界各地眾多消費者的喜愛。澳洲葡萄酒分為四大產區,分別是南澳、新南威爾士、維多利亞(包括塔斯尼亞島)、西澳。其產量比依次為8:4:2:1。四大產區的葡萄酒各有特色,質量均堪稱世界水平。南澳以得天獨厚的優良環境成為澳洲最重要的葡萄酒產區。大部分的葡萄園集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近區域。以南則有庫納瓦雷、百威、巴羅沙谷和克雷谷等知名產區。

新南威爾士是澳大利亞最早的葡萄種植地,許多著名酒廠聚集在這裡。主要分為3個產區:獵人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和濃郁的雪華沙(Shirze)紅葡萄酒聞名全球,另外,以雪華沙和蘇維翁混合釀製的紅葡萄酒酒精濃度高,口感渾厚飽滿,最具特色。墨基以簡單明快為特色。瑞弗瑞那是新南威爾士最大的產區,主要生產價廉物美的日常餐酒。

維多利亞的葡萄酒具有多類型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒聞名,東北部除了甜酒外,還出產色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪華沙(Shirze)和蘇維翁(Sauvignon)紅葡萄酒。

西澳以位於伯斯(Perth)以北的天鵝谷最負盛名,主要出產白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方氣候較溫和,是西澳最具發展前景的產區。最南端的產區因屬大陸性氣候,因此麗絲玲(Rhein Riesling)有著特有的香氣和酸度。

澳洲葡萄酒分佈

澳大利亞全國共分為七個州,分別是北領地、南澳、西澳、新南威爾士、維多利亞、昆士蘭和塔斯馬尼亞島(省)。澳大利亞的北部緯度低,是熱帶雨林區,內陸是沙漠和莽原,氣候炎熱乾燥,都不適合葡萄的生長,所以葡萄酒產區主要集中在東南部,包括維多利亞(Victoria)、新南威爾士(New South Wales)、南澳大利亞(South Australia)和塔斯馬尼亞島(Tasmania)。另外西澳大利亞也有少量的葡萄園。

澳大利亞的葡萄酒之所以有如此的盛名,是因為其特有的優良土地和許多世界級傑出優秀的釀酒師,再加上世界上最嚴格的管理和生產過程,以及澳洲人特有的簡單,純樸,憨厚,不視金錢為唯一目的,而把信用和快樂生活視為第一追求的環境下,釀造出來的質優價廉的世界級美酒。

以上這些也是同時包括中國在內的許多葡萄酒專家和行業權威人仕的共同一致強烈的看法,同時他們更認為同等級和同價格的澳洲酒,一定要比其它產地的同等級和同價格的葡萄酒的質量要高出許多,這個事實也是每一位會品酒人仕的共同認為。這也就是我們為什麼想強烈推廣澳大利亞葡萄酒的原因。

近年來,澳洲葡萄酒以其優良的品質和合理的價格受到了世界各地眾多消費者的喜愛。澳洲葡萄酒分為四大產區,分別是南澳、新南威爾士、維多利亞(包括塔斯尼亞島)、西澳。其產量比依次為8:4:2:1。四大產區的葡萄酒各有特色,質量均堪稱世界水平。南澳以得天獨厚的優良環境成為澳洲最重要的葡萄酒產區。大部分的葡萄園集中在南谷、河地及阿德雷德附近區域。

以南則有庫納瓦雷、百威、巴羅沙谷和克雷谷等知名產區。新南威爾士是澳大利亞最早的葡萄種植地,許多著名酒廠聚集在這裡。主要分為3個產區:獵人谷以思美戎(Semillon)和濃郁的雪華沙(Shirze)紅葡萄酒聞名全球,另外,以雪華沙和蘇維翁混合釀製的紅葡萄酒酒精濃度高,口感渾厚飽滿,最具特色。墨基以簡單明快為特色。

瑞弗瑞那是新南威爾士最大的產區,主要生產價廉物美的日常餐酒。維多利亞的葡萄酒具有多種類型,有的以甜型的加醇葡萄酒聞名,東北部除了甜酒外,還出產色度深、酒精度高、口味重的雪華沙(Shirze)和蘇維翁(Sauvignon)紅葡萄酒。西澳以位於伯斯(Perth)以北的天鵝谷最負盛名,主要出產白勃根地(White Burgundy)白葡萄酒。伯斯市南方氣候較溫和,是西澳最具發展前景的產區。最南端的產區因屬大陸性氣候,因此麗絲玲(Rhein Riesling)有著特有的香氣和酸度。

  澳大利亞葡萄酒

澳大利亞葡萄酒算是葡萄酒新世界的代表之一,基本上來說,要認識澳大利亞葡萄酒總比舊世界的葡萄酒如我們已經介紹過的法國和意大利從各個方面都要簡單一些。就拿葡萄酒的標籤來說就最明顯,看準4個要點就能猜個八九不離十而不需要想看舊世界的酒標那樣,要記住那麼多的產區和名號。

  品種:

在所有新世界葡萄酒酒標上,最關鍵的部分就是品種,對澳大利亞酒來說也是一樣的。按照澳大利亞葡萄酒的法律規定,如果在酒標上標註葡萄品種,則這瓶酒裡需要有85%是由該品種釀造的,如果葡萄酒裡面混合的品種每一種都不到85%,那麼就要標註出所有主要的葡萄品種,而標在前面的品種要比標在後面的含量多。比如:

Penfolds “Bin 389” Cabernet Shiraz,就是用Cabernet Sauvignon和Shiraz兩種葡萄品種,而且Cabernet Sauvignon所佔的比例要比Shiraz高。

目前在澳大利亞種植的葡萄品種主要是國際上比較流行的葡萄品種:Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Grenache, Mouvedre, Chardonnay, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat。其中值得一提的是Shiraz為澳大利亞葡萄酒贏得了國際聲譽,一提大利亞葡萄酒,很多人腦子裡想到的第一個字就是Shiraz。一些小酒廠也在種植和釀造一些不常見的葡萄品種,如:Verdelho, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, Marsanne,這些小品種的葡萄酒豐富了澳大利亞葡萄酒的風格和口味。