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美籍华裔黄赵企晨博士在微信群发布信息,呼吁美国公民为建墙筹款。黄赵企晨女士是唐納德 川普總統的华裔选团的主要组织者。 她在微信群发布的信息是这样的:“请花不到1分钟,呼叫这个号码,按1支持特朗普总统建墙,呼吁南茜·佩洛西和舒默将资助这堵墙!请打电话800-xxx-xxxx,然后按下“1”以获得支持。请访问xxxx。我們需要有50万人的支持!目前还已经有28万多人支持,请赶快采取行动并广传!你愿意把这个信息传递给尽可能多的人吗?多谢。” 这些粉丝是在鼓动支持者给川普的主要反对者,也就是参议院少数党领袖查克·舒默和众议院议长南希·佩洛西,这两位民主党高层是特朗普在建墙上的最主要对手。 这些川普支持者也够生猛的,这么多人岂不是把电话打爆了?

美籍华裔黄赵企晨博士在微信群发布信息,呼吁美国公民为建墙筹款。黄赵企晨女士是唐納德 川普總統的华裔选团的主要组织者。 她在微信群发布的信息是这样的:“请花不到1分钟,呼叫这个号码,按1支持特朗普总统建墙,呼吁南茜·佩洛西和舒默将资助这堵墙!请打电话800-xxx-xxxx,然后按下“1”以获得支持。请访问xxxx。我們需要有50万人的支持!目前还已经有28万多人支持,请赶快采取行动并广传!你愿意把这个信息传递给尽可能多的人吗?多谢。” 这些粉丝是在鼓动支持者给川普的主要反对者,也就是参议院少数党领袖查克·舒默和众议院议长南希·佩洛西,这两位民主党高层是特朗普在建墙上的最主要对手。 这些川普支持者也够生猛的,这么多人岂不是把电话打爆了?
美籍华裔黄赵企晨博士在微信群发布信息,呼吁美国公民为建墙筹款。黄赵企晨女士是 唐納德 川普华裔选团的主要组织者。 她在微信群发布的信息是这样的:“请花不到1分钟,呼叫这个号码,按1支持特朗普总统建墙,呼吁南茜·佩洛西和舒默将资助这堵墙!请打电话800-xxx-xxxx,然后按下“1”以获得支持。请访问xxxx。我們需要有50万人的支持!目前还已经有28万多人支持,请赶快采取行动并广传!你愿意把这...
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1896年《纽约时报》专访李鸿章实录(双语学习):今日读来依然发人深省! 王之风景线 今天 点击↑↑上方蓝字关注本号,带您看异样的风景!侵权或商务合作微信5392393QQ同号,欢迎结尾处点赞,多谢! 李鸿章访问美国,到达纽约,受到当地群众的热烈欢迎。 李鸿章到达华盛顿,经过华盛顿拱门。 纽约唐人街,张灯结彩,欢迎李鸿章访问美国,高挂大清帝国的国旗。 亲爱的朋友,欢迎您关注由王之团队打造的三个微信公众号王之风景线、东丫岛和奥富兹盛典(分别点击可关注),以及微博““战斗在丛林中”(http://weibo.cn/zdzclz 复制该链接可在浏览器中打开),为您推送精彩资讯和独家看点,期待与您携手共进拥抱自由与梦想!小编微信1036793618与QQ同号。 李鸿章递交中国皇帝给美国总统的信函。 李鸿章访问美国,入住华尔道夫酒店。 离开在欧洲考察访问的最后一站英国后,大清帝国前直隶总督兼北洋大臣李鸿章乘“圣-路易斯”号邮轮,于当地时间1896年8月28日抵达美国纽约,开始对美国进行访问。 李鸿章在美国受到了美国总统克利夫兰的接见,并和美国一些要员及群众见面,受到了“史无前例的礼遇”(《纽约时报》)。 9月2日上午9时许,李鸿章在纽约华尔道夫饭店接受了记者的采访。 美国记者:尊敬的阁下,您已经谈了我们很多事情,您能否告诉我们,什么是您认为我们做得不好的事的呢? “Your Excellency has said many kind things of us,” was the reporter’s first question.” Will not your Excellency also tell us in what respect we have failed to come up to your expectations?” 李鸿章:我不想批评美国,我对美国政府给予我的接待毫无怨言,这些都是我所期待的。只是一件事让我吃惊或失望,那就是你们国家有形形色色的政党存在,而我只对其中一部分有所了解。其他政党会不会使国家出现混乱呢?你们的报纸能不能靠国家利益将各个政党联合起来呢? “ I could not say anything bad about America,” replied the Viceroy,” I have nothing to complain of in the receptions given me. They were all that I could have expected. But there is one thing that surprises and disappoints me. You have too many political parties. I have thought much about your parties. There are so many of them they must bring about confusion. Could not your newspapers try to unite them, for the best interests of the country?” 伴鱼绘本 广告 查看应用 美国记者:那么阁下,您在这个国家的所见所闻中什么最使您最感兴趣呢? “What, among the things your Excellency has seen in this country has interested you most?” 李鸿章:我对我在美国见到的一切都很喜欢,所有事情都让我高兴。最使我感到惊讶的是20层或更高一些的摩天大楼,我在中国和欧洲从没见过这种高楼。这些楼看起来建得很牢固,能抗任何狂风吧?但中国不能建这么高的楼房,因台风会很快把它吹倒,而且高层建筑若没有你们这样好的电梯配套也很不方便。 “ I am delighted with everything that I have seen in America,” said Li,” Everything has pleased me so much that it ishard to say what has pleased me most. What has surprised me most has been the tall buildings, of twenty and more stories. I have never seen anything like them before, in China or in Europe. They seem so welll constructed that they would resist any wind, perhaps; but we could not put them up in China, because the typhoon would soon blow them down. They would be terribly inconvenient were it not for your fine elevators.” 美国记者:阁下,您赞成贵国的普通百姓都接受教育吗? “Does your Excellency favor the education of the common people of China?” 李鸿章:我们的习惯是送所有男孩上学。(翻译插话:在清国,男孩,才是真正的孩子。)我们有很好的学校,但只得付得起学费的富家子弟才能上学,穷人家的孩子没有机会上学。但是,我们现在还没有你们这么多的学校和学堂,我们计划将来在国内建立更多的学校。 “Our custom,” replied the Viceroy,” is to send all our boys [children, Dr. Mak put in parentheses, indicating thatboys are the only real children in China,] to public schools. We have good schools all over China, but only those whocan afford it send their boys to them. The poorer classes do not give their boys education. We have not so many schoolsor colleges as you have, but we are going to introduce more schools throughout our country.” 美国记者:阁下,您赞成妇女接受教育吗? “Does your Excellency favor the education of women?” 纪念《1984》出版70周年 反乌托邦三部曲+百年孤独+霍乱时期的爱情(5册)仅168元/套 点击了解详情并可预订货到付款 点击上图中的二维码可直接下单 李鸿章(停顿一会儿):在我们清国,女孩在家中请女教师提供教育,所有有经济能力的家庭都会雇请女家庭教师。我们现在还没有女子就读的公立学校,也没有更高一级的教育机构。这是由于我们的风俗习惯与你们(包括欧洲和美国)不同,也许我们应该学习你们的教育制度,并将最适合我们国情的那种引入国内,这确是我们所需要的。 The Ambassador paused for a moment and answered cautiously:” Our Chinese girls are educated at home, by their governesses. Governesses are in all families that can afford them. We have no public schools for the girls, and have no higher educational institutions which they can attend. This is due to the fact that our customs are so different from yours,both in Europe and America. Perhaps we should study both systems and adopt the one best suited to us and our needs.” 美国记者:总督阁下,您期待对现存的排华法案进行任何修改吗? “Does your Excellency expect any modification of the existing Chinese Exclusion act?” ventured one of thereporters. 李鸿章:我知道,你们又将进行选举了,新政府必然会在施政上有些变化。因此,我不敢在修改法案前发表任何要求废除《格利法》的言论,我只是期望美国新闻界能助清国移民一臂之力。我知道报纸在这个国家有很大的影响力,希望整个报界都能帮助清国侨民,呼吁废除排华法案,或至少对《格利法》进行较大修改。 “I know that you are about to hold another election, and that there will necessarily be some changes in your Government. I can not say, therefore, anything in reference to any anticipated modification or repeal of the Geary Law. Iexpect, however, the aid of the American newspapers in securing just treatment of Chinese immigrants. I know that thenewspaper has a tremendous influence in this country, and I hope that the entire press will aid China in securing therepeal, or at least a strong modification, of the Geary Law.” 美国记者:阁下,您能说明选择经加拿大而非美国西部回国路线的理由吗?是不是您的同胞在我国西部一些地区没有受到善待? “Will your Excellency give us your reasons for selecting your homeward route through Canada instead of through the United States? Was is because your Excellency ‘s countrymen have not always met with kind treatment in some ofyour Western States?” 李鸿章:我有两个原因不愿经过美国西部各州。 第一,当我在清国北方港口城市担任高官时,听到了很多加州清国侨民的抱怨。这些抱怨表明,清国人在那里未能获得美国宪法赋予他们的权利,他们请求我帮助他们使他们的美国移民身份得到完全承认,并享受作为美国移民所应享有的权利。而你们的《格利法》不但不给予他们与其他国家移民同等的权利,还拒绝保障他们合法的权益,因此我不希望经过以这种方式对待我同胞的地方,也不打算接受当地华人代表递交的要求保证他们在西部各州权益的请愿信。 “I have two reasons for not going through your Western States,” replied Li.” First: While I was High Commissionerof the Northern Ports of China I received complaints of the treatment of the Chinese who came into your countrythrough California. These complaints set forth that the Chinese were not accorded their rights. And they have applied tome to aid them in securing the full recognition of their rights as immigrants to America. Now, by your Geary Law, insteadof granting them equal rights with other immigrants, you have denied them their just privileges. I should not like,therefore, to go through the States that have treated the Chinese in this way, nor to have to receive delegations of Chinamen who would present to me petitions pleading for a recognition of their rights in the Western States. 第二,当我还是一名优秀的水手时,就知道必须学会自己照顾自己。我比别人年纪要大好多岁,从温哥华回国的航程要比从旧金山出发更短些。我现在才知道,清国“皇后号”船体宽阔舒适,在太平洋的所有港口都难以找到如此之好的远洋客船。 “My second reason is that while I am a good sailor, I am advanced in years and must study somewhat by own comfort. The passage from Vancouver to Yokahama is shorter than that from San Francisco, and I am told that the Empress of China is a larger and more comfortable ship than any I could get from any other port on the Pacific.” 排华法案是世界上最不公平的法案。所有的政治经济学家都承认,竞争促使全世界的市场迸发活力,而竞争既适用于商品也适用于劳动力。我们知道,《格利法》是由于受到爱尔兰裔移民欲独霸加州劳工市场的影响,因为清国人是他们很强的竞争对手,所以他们想排除华人。如果我们清国也抵制你们的产品,拒绝购买美国商品,取消你们的产品销往清国的特许权,试问你们将作何感想呢? 不要把我当成清国什么高官,而要当成一名国际主义者,不要把我当成达官贵人,而要当作清国或世界其他国家一名普通公民。请让我问问,你们把廉价的华人劳工逐出美国究竟能获得什么呢?廉价劳工意味着更便宜的商品,顾客以低廉价格就能买到高质量的商品。(以上两段没有英语原文) 你们不是很为你们作为美国人自豪吗?你们的国家代表着世界上最高的现代文明,你们因你们的民主和自由而自豪,但你们的排华法案对华人来说是自由的吗?这不是自由! 因为你们禁止使用廉价劳工生产的产品,不让他们在农场干活。你们专利局的统计数据表明,你们是世界上最有创造力的人,你们发明的东西比任何其他国家的总和都多。在这方面,你们走在了欧洲的前面。因为你们不限制你们在制造业方面的发展,搞农业的人不限于搞农业,他们还将农业、商业和工业结合了起来。 你们不象英国,他们只是世界的作坊。你们致力于一切进步和发展的事业。在工艺技术和产品质量方面,你们也领先于欧洲国家。但不幸的是,你们还竞争不过欧洲,因为你们的产品比他们的贵。这都是因为你们的劳动力太贵,以致生产的产品因价格太高而不能成功地与欧洲国家竞争。劳动力太贵,是因为你们排除华工。这是你们的失误。如果让劳动力自由竞争,你们就能够获得廉价的劳力。华人比爱尔兰人和美国其他劳动阶级都更勤俭,所以其他族裔的劳工仇视华人。 “You are proud of yourselves, of your country. Your States represent the best type of modern civilization. You areproud of your liberty and your freedom; but is this freedom? This is not liberty! Because you are prevented from utilizingcheap labor in your manufactories and on your farms. You are the most inventive people in the world, as is shown by thestatistics of your Patent Office. You have more inventions than any other country; you are fra ahead of Europe in this respect. Besides, you do not confine yourselves to manufactures—you are an agricultural people, and you combine agriculture, commerce, and industry. You are not like England, which is the workshop of the world. You have devoted yourselves to all the means of progress and development. You are superior to the countries of Europe in the skill of yourartisans, and in the quality of your manufactures; but, unfortunately, you are not able to compete with Europe, becauseyour manufactures are dearer than theirs.“Your labor is so high that it makes the price of your products too high to compete successfully with the countries Europe. Labor is expensive, because you exclude the Chinese. It is your own fault. If you give to labor free competition you would have cheaper labor. The Chinese can live cheaper that the Irish or the other laboring classes of the United States. Your laboring classes hate the Chinese because they are the possessors of higher virtues than themselves. 我相信美国报界能帮助华人一臂之力,取消排华法案。 “I trust that the American newspapers will aid us in securing repeal of the Exclusion act.” 美国记者:美国资本在清国投资有什么出路吗? “Is there any desirable outlet for the investment of American capital in China?” asked the reporters. 李鸿章:只有将货币、劳动力和土地都有机地结合起来,才会产生财富。清国政府非常高兴地欢迎任何资本到我国投资。我的好朋友格兰特将军曾对我说,你们必须要求欧美资本进入清国以建立现代化的工业企业,帮助清国人民开发利用本国丰富的自然资源。但这些企业的管理权应掌握在清国政府手中。我们欢迎你们来华投资,资金和技工由你们提供。但是,对于铁路、电讯等事物,要由我们自己控制。我们必须保护国家主权,不允许任何人危及我们的神圣权力。我将牢记格兰特将军的遗训,所有资本,无论是美国的还是欧洲的,都可以自由来华投资。 “Wealth can be produced only by the combination of money, labor, and land,” replied Li very promptly,” and theChinese Government will very gladly welcome any capital that seeks investment in the empire. Gen. Grant, who was onof my best friends, said to me:’ You must invite European and American capital to China to establish industrialenterprises, and assist the Chinese in the material development of their country and their great natural resources, but theadministration of these enterprises must remain in the hands of the Chinese Government.’ We would be glad to haveyour capital find investment in China. The capital and skilled labor could be supplied by you, but the administration ofthe affairs of the railways, telegraph lines, & c., would have to be controlled by China. We must maintain our sovereignrights, and never allow anybody to touch our sacred privileges. I well remember Gen. Grant’s advice. All capitalists,whether American or European, can freely invest their money in enterprises in China.” 美国记者:阁下,您赞成将美国的或欧洲的报纸介绍到贵国吗? “Would your Excellency favor the introduction into China of the newspaper as developed in this country and inEurope?” 李鸿章:中国办有报纸,但遗憾的是中国的编辑们不愿将真相告诉读者,他们不像你们的报纸讲真话,只讲真话。中国的编辑们在讲真话的时候十分吝啬,他们只讲部分的真实,而且他们的报纸也没有你们报纸这么大的发行量。由于不能诚实地说明真相,我们的报纸就失去了新闻本身的高贵价值,也就未能成为广泛传播文明的方式了。 “There are newspapers in China, but the Chinese editors, unfortunately, do not tell the truth. They do not, as yourpapers, tell ‘the truth.’ The editors in China are great economizer of the truth; they tell only a part of it. They do nothave, therefore, the great circulation that your papers have. Because of this economy of the truth, our papers fail in themission of a great press, to be one of the means of civilization.” 最后,小编想说,通过这篇报道可以得知,彼时李鸿章对外交、政治、教育、法律、经济、传媒等的认识已远远高于清国其他大员了。 而透过这段久远的历史,依旧能洞见未来。 2019年会有第三次世界大战吗?

1896年《纽约时报》专访李鸿章实录(双语学习):今日读来依然发人深省! 王之风景线  今天 点击↑↑上方蓝字关注本号,带您看异样的风景!侵权或商务合作微信5392393QQ同号,欢迎结尾处点赞,多谢! 李鸿章访问美国,到达纽约,受到当地群众的热烈欢迎。 李鸿章到达华盛顿,经过华盛顿拱门。 纽约唐人街,张灯结彩,欢迎李鸿章访问美国,高挂大清帝国的国旗。 亲爱的朋友,欢迎您关注由王之团队打造的三个微信公众号王之风景线、东丫岛和奥富兹盛典(分别点击可关注),以及微博““战斗在丛林中”(http://weibo.cn/zdzclz  复制该链接可在浏览器中打开),为您推送精彩资讯和独家看点,期待与您携手共进拥抱自由与梦想!小编微信1036793618与QQ同号。 李鸿章递交中国皇帝给美国总统的信函。 李鸿章访问美国,入住华尔道夫酒店。 离开在欧洲考察访问的最后一站英国后,大清帝国前直隶总督兼北洋大臣李鸿章乘“圣-路易斯”号邮轮,于当地时间1896年8月28日抵达美国纽约,开始对美国进行访问。 李鸿章在美国受到了美国总统克利夫兰的接见,并和美国一些要员及群众见面,受到了“史无前例的礼遇”(《纽约时报》)。 9月2日上午9时许,李鸿章在纽约华尔道夫饭店接受了记者的采访。 美国记者:尊敬的阁下,您已经谈了我们很多事情,您能否告诉我们,什么是您认为我们做得不好的事的呢? “Your Excellency has said many kind things of us,” was the reporter’s first question.” Will not your Excellency also tell us in what respect we have failed to come up to your expectations?” 李鸿章:我不想批评美国,我对美国政府给予我的接待毫无怨言,这些都是我所期待的。只是一件事让我吃惊或失望,那就是你们国家有形形色色的政党存在,而我只对其中一部分有所了解。其他政党会不会使国家出现混乱呢?你们的报纸能不能靠国家利益将各个政党联合起来呢? “ I could not say anything bad about America,” replied the Viceroy,” I have nothing to complain of in the receptions given me. They were all that I could have expected. But there is one thing that surprises and disappoints me. You have too many political parties. I have thought much about your parties. There are so many of them they must bring about confusion. Could not your newspapers try to unite them, for the best interests of the country?” 伴鱼绘本 广告 查看应用 美国记者:那么阁下,您在这个国家的所见所闻中什么最使您最感兴趣呢? “What, among the things your Excellency has seen in this country has interested you most?” 李鸿章:我对我在美国见到的一切都很喜欢,所有事情都让我高兴。最使我感到惊讶的是20层或更高一些的摩天大楼,我在中国和欧洲从没见过这种高楼。这些楼看起来建得很牢固,能抗任何狂风吧?但中国不能建这么高的楼房,因台风会很快把它吹倒,而且高层建筑若没有你们这样好的电梯配套也很不方便。 “ I am delighted with everything that I have seen in America,” said Li,” Everything has pleased me so much that it ishard to say what has pleased me most. What has surprised me most has been the tall buildings, of twenty and more stories. I have never seen anything like them before, in China or in Europe. They seem so welll constructed that they would resist any wind, perhaps; but we could not put them up in China, because the typhoon would soon blow them down. They would be terribly inconvenient were it not for your fine elevators.” 美国记者:阁下,您赞成贵国的普通百姓都接受教育吗? “Does your Excellency favor the education of the common people of China?” 李鸿章:我们的习惯是送所有男孩上学。(翻译插话:在清国,男孩,才是真正的孩子。)我们有很好的学校,但只得付得起学费的富家子弟才能上学,穷人家的孩子没有机会上学。但是,我们现在还没有你们这么多的学校和学堂,我们计划将来在国内建立更多的学校。 “Our custom,” replied the Viceroy,” is to send all our boys [children, Dr. Mak put in parentheses, indicating thatboys are the only real children in China,] to public schools. We have good schools all over China, but only those whocan afford it send their boys to them. The poorer classes do not give their boys education. We have not so many schoolsor colleges as you have, but we are going to introduce more schools throughout our country.” 美国记者:阁下,您赞成妇女接受教育吗? “Does your Excellency favor the education of women?” 纪念《1984》出版70周年 反乌托邦三部曲+百年孤独+霍乱时期的爱情(5册)仅168元/套 点击了解详情并可预订货到付款 点击上图中的二维码可直接下单 李鸿章(停顿一会儿):在我们清国,女孩在家中请女教师提供教育,所有有经济能力的家庭都会雇请女家庭教师。我们现在还没有女子就读的公立学校,也没有更高一级的教育机构。这是由于我们的风俗习惯与你们(包括欧洲和美国)不同,也许我们应该学习你们的教育制度,并将最适合我们国情的那种引入国内,这确是我们所需要的。 The Ambassador paused for a moment and answered cautiously:” Our Chinese girls are educated at home, by their governesses. Governesses are in all families that can afford them. We have no public schools for the girls, and have no higher educational institutions which they can attend. This is due to the fact that our customs are so different from yours,both in Europe and America. Perhaps we should study both systems and adopt the one best suited to us and our needs.” 美国记者:总督阁下,您期待对现存的排华法案进行任何修改吗? “Does your Excellency expect any modification of the existing Chinese Exclusion act?” ventured one of thereporters. 李鸿章:我知道,你们又将进行选举了,新政府必然会在施政上有些变化。因此,我不敢在修改法案前发表任何要求废除《格利法》的言论,我只是期望美国新闻界能助清国移民一臂之力。我知道报纸在这个国家有很大的影响力,希望整个报界都能帮助清国侨民,呼吁废除排华法案,或至少对《格利法》进行较大修改。 “I know that you are about to hold another election, and that there will necessarily be some changes in your Government. I can not say, therefore, anything in reference to any anticipated modification or repeal of the Geary Law. Iexpect, however, the aid of the American newspapers in securing just treatment of Chinese immigrants. I know that thenewspaper has a tremendous influence in this country, and I hope that the entire press will aid China in securing therepeal, or at least a strong modification, of the Geary Law.” 美国记者:阁下,您能说明选择经加拿大而非美国西部回国路线的理由吗?是不是您的同胞在我国西部一些地区没有受到善待? “Will your Excellency give us your reasons for selecting your homeward route through Canada instead of through the United States? Was is because your Excellency ‘s countrymen have not always met with kind treatment in some ofyour Western States?” 李鸿章:我有两个原因不愿经过美国西部各州。 第一,当我在清国北方港口城市担任高官时,听到了很多加州清国侨民的抱怨。这些抱怨表明,清国人在那里未能获得美国宪法赋予他们的权利,他们请求我帮助他们使他们的美国移民身份得到完全承认,并享受作为美国移民所应享有的权利。而你们的《格利法》不但不给予他们与其他国家移民同等的权利,还拒绝保障他们合法的权益,因此我不希望经过以这种方式对待我同胞的地方,也不打算接受当地华人代表递交的要求保证他们在西部各州权益的请愿信。 “I have two reasons for not going through your Western States,” replied Li.” First: While I was High Commissionerof the Northern Ports of China I received complaints of the treatment of the Chinese who came into your countrythrough California. These complaints set forth that the Chinese were not accorded their rights. And they have applied tome to aid them in securing the full recognition of their rights as immigrants to America. Now, by your Geary Law, insteadof granting them equal rights with other immigrants, you have denied them their just privileges. I should not like,therefore, to go through the States that have treated the Chinese in this way, nor to have to receive delegations of Chinamen who would present to me petitions pleading for a recognition of their rights in the Western States. 第二,当我还是一名优秀的水手时,就知道必须学会自己照顾自己。我比别人年纪要大好多岁,从温哥华回国的航程要比从旧金山出发更短些。我现在才知道,清国“皇后号”船体宽阔舒适,在太平洋的所有港口都难以找到如此之好的远洋客船。 “My second reason is that while I am a good sailor, I am advanced in years and must study somewhat by own comfort. The passage from Vancouver to Yokahama is shorter than that from San Francisco, and I am told that the Empress of China is a larger and more comfortable ship than any I could get from any other port on the Pacific.” 排华法案是世界上最不公平的法案。所有的政治经济学家都承认,竞争促使全世界的市场迸发活力,而竞争既适用于商品也适用于劳动力。我们知道,《格利法》是由于受到爱尔兰裔移民欲独霸加州劳工市场的影响,因为清国人是他们很强的竞争对手,所以他们想排除华人。如果我们清国也抵制你们的产品,拒绝购买美国商品,取消你们的产品销往清国的特许权,试问你们将作何感想呢? 不要把我当成清国什么高官,而要当成一名国际主义者,不要把我当成达官贵人,而要当作清国或世界其他国家一名普通公民。请让我问问,你们把廉价的华人劳工逐出美国究竟能获得什么呢?廉价劳工意味着更便宜的商品,顾客以低廉价格就能买到高质量的商品。(以上两段没有英语原文) 你们不是很为你们作为美国人自豪吗?你们的国家代表着世界上最高的现代文明,你们因你们的民主和自由而自豪,但你们的排华法案对华人来说是自由的吗?这不是自由! 因为你们禁止使用廉价劳工生产的产品,不让他们在农场干活。你们专利局的统计数据表明,你们是世界上最有创造力的人,你们发明的东西比任何其他国家的总和都多。在这方面,你们走在了欧洲的前面。因为你们不限制你们在制造业方面的发展,搞农业的人不限于搞农业,他们还将农业、商业和工业结合了起来。 你们不象英国,他们只是世界的作坊。你们致力于一切进步和发展的事业。在工艺技术和产品质量方面,你们也领先于欧洲国家。但不幸的是,你们还竞争不过欧洲,因为你们的产品比他们的贵。这都是因为你们的劳动力太贵,以致生产的产品因价格太高而不能成功地与欧洲国家竞争。劳动力太贵,是因为你们排除华工。这是你们的失误。如果让劳动力自由竞争,你们就能够获得廉价的劳力。华人比爱尔兰人和美国其他劳动阶级都更勤俭,所以其他族裔的劳工仇视华人。 “You are proud of yourselves, of your country. Your States represent the best type of modern civilization. You areproud of your liberty and your freedom; but is this freedom? This is not liberty! Because you are prevented from utilizingcheap labor in your manufactories and on your farms. You are the most inventive people in the world, as is shown by thestatistics of your Patent Office. You have more inventions than any other country; you are fra ahead of Europe in this respect. Besides, you do not confine yourselves to manufactures—you are an agricultural people, and you combine agriculture, commerce, and industry. You are not like England, which is the workshop of the world. You have devoted yourselves to all the means of progress and development. You are superior to the countries of Europe in the skill of yourartisans, and in the quality of your manufactures; but, unfortunately, you are not able to compete with Europe, becauseyour manufactures are dearer than theirs.“Your labor is so high that it makes the price of your products too high to compete successfully with the countries Europe. Labor is expensive, because you exclude the Chinese. It is your own fault. If you give to labor free competition you would have cheaper labor. The Chinese can live cheaper that the Irish or the other laboring classes of the United States. Your laboring classes hate the Chinese because they are the possessors of higher virtues than themselves. 我相信美国报界能帮助华人一臂之力,取消排华法案。 “I trust that the American newspapers will aid us in securing repeal of the Exclusion act.” 美国记者:美国资本在清国投资有什么出路吗? “Is there any desirable outlet for the investment of American capital in China?” asked the reporters. 李鸿章:只有将货币、劳动力和土地都有机地结合起来,才会产生财富。清国政府非常高兴地欢迎任何资本到我国投资。我的好朋友格兰特将军曾对我说,你们必须要求欧美资本进入清国以建立现代化的工业企业,帮助清国人民开发利用本国丰富的自然资源。但这些企业的管理权应掌握在清国政府手中。我们欢迎你们来华投资,资金和技工由你们提供。但是,对于铁路、电讯等事物,要由我们自己控制。我们必须保护国家主权,不允许任何人危及我们的神圣权力。我将牢记格兰特将军的遗训,所有资本,无论是美国的还是欧洲的,都可以自由来华投资。 “Wealth can be produced only by the combination of money, labor, and land,” replied Li very promptly,” and theChinese Government will very gladly welcome any capital that seeks investment in the empire. Gen. Grant, who was onof my best friends, said to me:’ You must invite European and American capital to China to establish industrialenterprises, and assist the Chinese in the material development of their country and their great natural resources, but theadministration of these enterprises must remain in the hands of the Chinese Government.’ We would be glad to haveyour capital find investment in China. The capital and skilled labor could be supplied by you, but the administration ofthe affairs of the railways, telegraph lines, & c., would have to be controlled by China. We must maintain our sovereignrights, and never allow anybody to touch our sacred privileges. I well remember Gen. Grant’s advice. All capitalists,whether American or European, can freely invest their money in enterprises in China.” 美国记者:阁下,您赞成将美国的或欧洲的报纸介绍到贵国吗? “Would your Excellency favor the introduction into China of the newspaper as developed in this country and inEurope?” 李鸿章:中国办有报纸,但遗憾的是中国的编辑们不愿将真相告诉读者,他们不像你们的报纸讲真话,只讲真话。中国的编辑们在讲真话的时候十分吝啬,他们只讲部分的真实,而且他们的报纸也没有你们报纸这么大的发行量。由于不能诚实地说明真相,我们的报纸就失去了新闻本身的高贵价值,也就未能成为广泛传播文明的方式了。 “There are newspapers in China, but the Chinese editors, unfortunately, do not tell the truth. They do not, as yourpapers, tell ‘the truth.’ The editors in China are great economizer of the truth; they tell only a part of it. They do nothave, therefore, the great circulation that your papers have. Because of this economy of the truth, our papers fail in themission of a great press, to be one of the means of civilization.” 最后,小编想说,通过这篇报道可以得知,彼时李鸿章对外交、政治、教育、法律、经济、传媒等的认识已远远高于清国其他大员了。 而透过这段久远的历史,依旧能洞见未来。 2019年会有第三次世界大战吗?
1896年《纽约时报》专访李鸿章实录(双语学习):今日读来依然发人深省! 王之风景线 今天
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